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Psalms 11:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For, lo, the wicked bend the bow, They make ready their arrow upon the string, That they may shoot in darkness at the upright in heart;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For, lo, the wicked bend [their] bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For, behold, the wicked bend the bow, They make ready their arrow upon the string To shoot in darkness at the upright in heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For lo, the wicked bend [their] bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For behold, the wicked bend the bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may in darkness shoot at the upright in heart.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For lo! the lawless, bend the bow They have fixed their arrow upon the string, To shoot in the darkness at the upright in heart:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For lo, the wicked tread a bow, They have prepared their arrow on the string, To shoot in darkness at the upright in heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For, lo, the wicked have bent their bow: they have prepared their arrows in the quiver, to shoot in the dark the upright of heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For loe, the wicked bende their bow, they make ready their arrow vpon the string: that they may priuily shoote at the vpright in heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For behold the sinners have bent their [bow], they have prepared their arrows for the quiver, to shoot privily at the upright in heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For, lo, the wicked bend [their] bow, they make ready their arrow upon the string, that they may privily shoot at the upright in heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For, x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
lo, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
bend 1869
{1869} Prime
דָּרַךְ
darak
{daw-rak'}
A primitive root; to tread; by implication to walk; also to string a bow (by treading on it in bending).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[their] bow, 7198
{7198} Prime
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
they make ready 3559
{3559} Prime
כּוּן
kuwn
{koon}
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
z8790
<8790> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 41
their arrow 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the string, 3499
{3499} Prime
יֶתֶר
yether
{yeh'-ther}
Properly an overhanging, that is, (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free).
that they may privily 652
{0652} Prime
אֹפֶל
'ophel
{o'-fel}
From the same as H0651; dusk.
1119
{1119} Prime
בְּמוֹ
b@mow
{bem-o'}
Prolonged for prepositional prefix; in, with, by, etc.
z8676
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
shoot 3384
{3384} Prime
יָרָה
yarah
{yaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to flow as water (that is, to rain); transitively to lay or throw (especially an arrow, that is, to shoot); figuratively to point out (as if by aiming the finger), to teach.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
at the upright 3477
{3477} Prime
יָשָׁר
yashar
{yaw-shawr'}
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
in heart. 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 11:2

_ _ privily — literally, “in darkness,” treacherously.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 11:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 11:2

For lo — David having directed his speech to his enemies, now turns it to God, and pours out before him his complaints. Ready — They lay designs for my destruction and make all things ready to execute them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lo:

Psalms 10:2 The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Psalms 37:14 The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy, [and] to slay such as be of upright conversation.
Psalms 64:3-4 Who whet their tongue like a sword, [and] bend [their bows to shoot] their arrows, [even] bitter words: ... That they may shoot in secret at the perfect: suddenly do they shoot at him, and fear not.
Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.

make:

Psalms 21:12 Therefore shalt thou make them turn their back, [when] thou shalt make ready [thine arrows] upon thy strings against the face of them.

that:

Psalms 10:8-9 He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor. ... He lieth in wait secretly as a lion in his den: he lieth in wait to catch the poor: he doth catch the poor, when he draweth him into his net.
Psalms 64:5 They encourage themselves [in] an evil matter: they commune of laying snares privily; they say, Who shall see them?
Psalms 142:3 When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a snare for me.
1 Samuel 18:21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in [the one of] the twain.
1 Samuel 23:9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
Matthew 26:4 And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him].
Acts 23:12-15 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul. ... Now therefore ye with the council signify to the chief captain that he bring him down unto you to morrow, as though ye would enquire something more perfectly concerning him: and we, or ever he come near, are ready to kill him.

privily:
Heb. in darkness

the upright:

Psalms 7:10 My defence [is] of God, which saveth the upright in heart.
Psalms 32:11 Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous: and shout for joy, all [ye that are] upright in heart.
Psalms 64:10 The righteous shall be glad in the LORD, and shall trust in him; and all the upright in heart shall glory.
Psalms 94:15 But judgment shall return unto righteousness: and all the upright in heart shall follow it.
Psalms 97:11 Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.
Psalms 125:4 Do good, O LORD, unto [those that be] good, and [to them that are] upright in their hearts.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 18:21; 23:9. Ps 7:10; 10:2, 8; 21:12; 32:11; 37:14; 64:3, 5, 10; 94:15; 97:11; 125:4; 142:3. Jr 9:3. Mt 26:4. Ac 23:12.

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