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Psalms 11:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. [A Psalm] of David.]] In Jehovah do I take refuge: How say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David.]] In the LORD put I my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. [A Psalm] of David.]] In the LORD I take refuge; How can you say to my soul, “Flee [as] a bird to your mountain;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David.]] In the LORD I put my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. [A Psalm] of David.]] In Jehovah have I put my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. David's.]] In Yahweh, have I sought refuge. How can ye say to my soul, Flee to a mountain like a little bird;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—By David. In Jehovah I trusted, how say ye to my soul, 'They moved [to] Thy mountain for the bird?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end. A psalm to David. In the Lord I put my trust: how then do you say to my soul: Get thee away from hence to the mountain, like a sparrow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician. A [Psalme] of Dauid.]] In the LORD put I my trust: how say yee to my soule, Flee [as] a bird to your mountaine?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm of David.]] In the Lord I have put my trust: how will ye say to my soul, Flee to the mountains as a sparrow?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of Dawid.]] In Yahweh put I my trust: how say ye to my soul, Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician, 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
[A Psalm] of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
In Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
put I my trust: 2620
{2620} Prime
חָסַה
chacah
{khaw-saw'}
A primitive root; to flee for protection (compare H0982); figuratively to confide in.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
how x349
(0349) Complement
אֵיךְ
'eyk
{ake}
Prolonged from H0335; how? or how!; also where.
say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
ye to my soul, 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Flee 5110
{5110} Prime
נוּד
nuwd
{nood}
A primitive root; to nod, that is, waver; figuratively to wander, flee, disappear; also (from shaking the head in sympathy), to console, deplore, or (from tossing the head in scorn) taunt.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
[as] a bird 6833
{6833} Prime
צִפּוֹר
tsippowr
{tsip-pore'}
From H6852; a little bird (as hopping).
to your mountain? 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 11:1

_ _ Psalms 11:1-7. On title, see on Introduction. Alluding to some event in his history, as in 1 Samuel 23:13, the Psalmist avows his confidence in God, when admonished to flee from his raging persecutors, whose destruction of the usual foundations of safety rendered all his efforts useless. The grounds of his confidence are God’s supreme dominion, His watchful care of His people, His hatred to the wicked and judgments on them, and His love for righteousness and the righteous.

_ _ my soul — me (Psalms 3:2).

_ _ Flee — literally, “flee ye”; that is, he and his companion.

_ _ as a bird to your mountain — having as such no safety but in flight (compare 1 Samuel 26:20; Lamentations 3:52).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 11:1-3

_ _ Here is, I. David's fixed resolution to make God his confidence: In the Lord put I my trust, Psalms 11:1. Those that truly fear God and serve him are welcome to put their trust in him, and shall not be made ashamed of their doing so. And it is the character of the saints, who have taken God for their God, that they make him their hope. Even when they have other things to stay themselves upon, yet they do not, they dare not, stay upon them, but on God only. Gold is not their hope, nor are horses and chariots their confidence, but God only; and therefore, when second causes frown, yet their hopes do not fail them, because the first cause is still the same, is ever so. The psalmist, before he gives an account of the temptation he was in to distrust God, records his resolution to trust in him, as that which he was resolved to live and die by.

_ _ II. His resentment of a temptation to the contrary: “How say you to my soul, which has thus returned to God as its rest and reposes in him, Flee as a bird to your mountain, to be safe there out of the reach of the fowler?” This may be taken either,

_ _ 1. As the serious advice of his timorous friends; so many understand it, and with great probability. Some that were hearty well-wishers to David, when they saw how much Saul was exasperated against him and how maliciously he sought his life, pressed him by all means to flee for the same to some place of shelter, and not to depend too much upon the anointing he had received, which, they thought, was more likely to occasion the loss of his head than to save it. That which grieved him in this motion was not that to flee now would savour of cowardice, and ill become a soldier, but that it would savour of unbelief and would ill become a saint who had so often said, In the Lord put I my trust. Taking it thus, the two following verses contain the reason with which these faint-hearted friends of David backed this advice. They would have him flee, (1.) Because he could not be safe where he was, Psalms 11:2. “Observe,” say they, “how the wicked bend their bow; Saul and his instruments aim at thy life, and the uprightness of thy heart will not be thy security.” See what an enmity there is in the wicked against the upright, in the seed of the serpent against the seed of the woman; what pains they take, what preparations they make, to do them a mischief: They privily shoot at them, or, in darkness, that they may not see the evil designed, to avoid it, nor others, to prevent it, no, nor God himself, to punish it. (2.) Because he could be no longer useful where he was. “For,” say they, “if the foundations be destroyed” (as they were by Saul's mal-administration), “if the civil state and government be unhinged and all out of course” (Psalms 75:3, Psalms 82:5), “what canst thou do with thy righteousness to redress the grievances? Alas! it is to no purpose to attempt the saving of a kingdom so wretchedly shattered; whatever the righteous can do signifies nothing.” Abi in cellam, et dic, Miserere mei, DomineAway to thy cell, and there cry, Pity me, O Lord! Many are hindered from doing the service they might do to the public, in difficult times, by a despair of success.

_ _ 2. It may be taken as a taunt wherewith his enemies bantered him, upbraiding him with the professions he used to make of confidence in God, and scornfully bidding him try what stead that would stand him in now. “You say, God is your mountain; flee to him now, and see what the better you will be.” Thus they endeavoured to shame the counsel of the poor, saying, There is no help for them in God, Psalms 14:6; Psalms 3:2. The confidence and comfort which the saints have in God, when all the hopes and joys in the creature fail them, are a riddle to a carnal world and are ridiculed accordingly. Taking it thus, the two following verses are David's answer to this sarcasm, in which, (1.) He complains of the malice of those who did thus abuse him (Psalms 11:2): They bend their bow and make ready their arrows; and we are told (Psalms 64:3) what their arrows are, even bitter words, such words as these, by which they endeavour to discourage hope in God, which David felt as a sword in his bones. (2.) He resists the temptation with a gracious abhorrence, Psalms 11:3. He looks upon this suggestion as striking at the foundations which every Israelite builds upon: “If you destroy the foundations, if you take good people off from their hope in God, if you can persuade them that their religion is a cheat and a jest and can banter them out of that, you ruin them, and break their hearts indeed, and make them of all men the most miserable.” The principles of religion are the foundations on which the faith and hope of the righteous are built. These we are concerned, in interest as well as duty, to hold fast against all temptations to infidelity; for, if these be destroyed, if we let these go, What can the righteous do? Good people would be undone if they had not a God to go to, a God to trust to, and a future bliss to hope for.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 11:1

Ye — Mine enemies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 11:1

"To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David." In the LORD put I my trust: how say ye to my soul, (a) Flee [as] a bird to your mountain?

(a) This is the wicked counsel of his enemies to him and his companions to drive him from the hope of God's promise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2942, bc 1062

In the:

Psalms 7:1 [[Shiggaion of David, which he sang unto the LORD, concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite.]] O LORD my God, in thee do I put my trust: save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me:
Psalms 9:10 And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
Psalms 16:1 [[Michtam of David.]] Preserve me, O God: for in thee do I put my trust.
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Psalms 31:14 But I trusted in thee, O LORD: I said, Thou [art] my God.
Psalms 56:11 In God have I put my trust: I will not be afraid what man can do unto me.
2 Chronicles 14:11 And Asa cried unto the LORD his God, and said, LORD, [it is] nothing with thee to help, whether with many, or with them that have no power: help us, O LORD our God; for we rest on thee, and in thy name we go against this multitude. O LORD, thou [art] our God; let not man prevail against thee.
2 Chronicles 16:8 Were not the Ethiopians and the Lubims a huge host, with very many chariots and horsemen? yet, because thou didst rely on the LORD, he delivered them into thine hand.
Isaiah 26:3-4 Thou wilt keep [him] in perfect peace, [whose] mind [is] stayed [on thee]: because he trusteth in thee. ... Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH [is] everlasting strength:

how:

1 Samuel 19:11 Saul also sent messengers unto David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain.
1 Samuel 20:38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
1 Samuel 21:10-12 And David arose, and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. ... And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
1 Samuel 22:3 And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] with you, till I know what God will do for me.
1 Samuel 23:14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
1 Samuel 27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: [there is] nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.

Flee:

Psalms 55:6-7 And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove! [for then] would I fly away, and be at rest. ... Lo, [then] would I wander far off, [and] remain in the wilderness. Selah.
Proverbs 6:5 Deliver thyself as a roe from the hand [of the hunter], and as a bird from the hand of the fowler.
Luke 13:31 The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee.
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1S 19:11; 20:38; 21:10; 22:3; 23:14; 27:1. 2Ch 14:11; 16:8. Ps 7:1; 9:10; 16:1; 25:2; 31:14; 55:6; 56:11. Pv 6:5. Is 26:3. Lk 13:31.

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