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Psalms 109:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But deal thou with me, O Jehovah the Lord, for thy name's sake: Because thy lovingkindness is good, deliver thou me;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy [is] good, deliver thou me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But You, O GOD, the Lord, deal [kindly] with me for Your name’s sake; Because Your lovingkindness is good, deliver me;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy [is] good, deliver thou me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But do *thou* for me, Jehovah, Lord, for thy name's sake; because thy loving-kindness is good, deliver me:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, thou, Yahweh, Adonay, deal effectually with me, for the sake of thy Name, Since good is thy lovingkindness, O rescue me;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Thou, O Jehovah Lord, Deal with me for Thy name's sake, Because Thy kindness [is] good, deliver me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But thou, O Lord, do with me for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is sweet. Do thou deliver me,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy Names sake: because thy mercie [is] good: deliuer thou me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But thou, O Lord, Lord, deal [mercifully] with me, for thy name's sake: for thy mercy is good.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But do thou for me, O Yahweh Adonay, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy [is] good, deliver thou me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
for x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
me, O Yhw יָהוֶה 3069
{3069} Prime
יֱהוִה
Y@hovih
{yeh-ho-vee'}
A variation of H3068 (used after H0136, and pronounced by Jews as H0430, in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce H3068 as H0136).
ny אֲדֹנָי, 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
for thy name's y8034
[8034] Standard
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
sake: x4616
(4616) Complement
לְמַעַן
ma`an
{mah'-an}
From H6030; properly heed, that is, purpose; used only adverbially, on account of (as a motive or an aim), teleologically in order that.
x8034
(8034) Complement
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thy mercy 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
[is] good, 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
deliver 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
thou me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 109:21-22

_ _ do ... for me — that is, kindness.

_ _ wounded — literally, “pierced” (Psalms 69:16, Psalms 69:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 109:21-31

_ _ David, having denounced God's wrath against his enemies, here takes God's comforts to himself, but in a very humble manner, and without boasting.

_ _ I. He pours out his complaint before God concerning the low condition he was in, which, probably, gave advantage to his enemies to insult over him: “I am poor and needy, and therefore a proper object of pity, and one that needs and craves thy help.” 1. He was troubled in mind (Psalms 109:22): My heart is wounded within me, not only broken with outward troubles, which sometimes prostrate and sink the spirits, but wounded with a sense of guilt; and a wounded spirit who can bear? who can heal? 2. He apprehended himself drawing near to his end: I am gone like the shadow when it declines, as good as gone already. Man's life, at best, is like a shadow; sometimes it is like the evening shadow, the presage of night approaching, like the shadow when it declines. 3. He was unsettled, tossed up and down like the locust, his mind fluctuating and unsteady, still putting him upon new counsels, his outward condition far from any fixation, but still upon the remove, hunted like a partridge on the mountains. 4. His body was wasted, and almost worn away (Psalms 109:24): My knees are weak through fasting, either forced fasting (for want of food when he was persecuted, or for want of appetite when he was sick) or voluntary fasting, when he chastened his soul either for sin or affliction, his own or other's, Psalms 35:13; Psalms 69:10. “My flesh fails of fatness; that is, it has lost the fatness it had, so that I have become a skeleton, nothing but skin and bones.” But it is better to have this leanness in the body, while the soul prospers and is in health, than, like Israel, to have leanness sent into the soul, while the body is feasted. 5. He was ridiculed and reproached by his enemies (Psalms 109:25); his devotions and his afflictions they made the matter of their laughter, and, upon both those accounts, God's people have been exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that were at ease. In all this David was a type of Christ, who in his humiliation was thus wounded, thus weakened, thus reproached; he was also a type of the church, which is often afflicted, tossed with tempests, and not comforted.

_ _ II. He prays for mercy for himself. In general (Psalms 109:21): “Do thou for me, O God the Lord! appear for me, act for me.” If God be for us, he will do for us, will do more abundantly for us than we are able either to ask or think. He does not prescribe to God what he should do for him, but refers himself to his wisdom: “Lord, do for me what seems good in thy eyes. Do that which thou knowest will be for me, really for me, in the issue for me, though for the present it may seem to make against me.” More particularly, he prays (Psalms 109:26): “Help me, O Lord my God! O save me! Help me under my trouble, save me out of my trouble; save me from sin, help me to do my duty.” He prays (Psalms 109:28), Though they curse, bless thou. Here (1.) He despises the causeless curses of his enemies: Let them curse. He said of Shimei, So let him curse. They can but show their malice; they can do him no more mischief than the bird by wandering or the swallow by flying, Proverbs 26:2. He values the blessing of God as sufficient to counterbalance their curses: Bless thou, and then it is no matter though they curse. If God bless us, we need not care who curses us; for how can they curse those whom God has not cursed, nay, whom he has blessed? Numbers 23:8. Men's curses are impotent; God's blessings are omnipotent; and those whom we unjustly curse may in faith expect and pray for God's blessing, his special blessing. When the Pharisees cast out the poor man for his confessing Christ, Christ found him, John 9:35. When men without cause say all the ill they can of us, and wish all the ills they can to us, we may with comfort lift up our heart to God in this petition: Let them curse, but bless thou. He prays (Psalms 109:28), Let thy servant rejoice. Those that know how to value God's blessing, let them but be sure of it, and they will be glad of it.

_ _ III. He prays that his enemies might be ashamed (Psalms 109:28), clothed with shame (Psalms 109:29), that they might cover themselves with their own confusion, that they might be left to themselves, to do that which would expose them and manifest their folly before all men, or rather that they might be disappointed in their designs and enterprises against David, and thereby might be filled with shame, as the adversaries of the Jews were, Nehemiah 6:16. Nay, in this he prays that they might be brought to repentance, which is the chief thing we should beg of God for our enemies. Sinners indeed bring shame upon themselves, but they are true penitents that take shame to themselves and cover themselves with their own confusion.

_ _ IV. He pleads God's glory, the honour of his name: — Do for me, for thy name's sake (Psalms 109:21), especially the honour of his goodness, by which he has proclaimed his name: “Deliver me, because thy mercy is good; it is what thou thyself dost delight in, and it is what I do depend upon. Save me, not according to my merit, for I have none to pretend to, but according to thy mercy; let that be the fountain, the reason, the measure, of my salvation.”

_ _ Lastly, He concludes the psalm with joy, the joy of faith, joy in assurance that his present conflicts would end in triumphs. 1. He promises God that he will praise him (Psalms 109:30): “I will greatly praise the Lord, not only with my heart, but with my mouth; I will praise him, not in secret only, but among the multitude.” 2. He promises himself that he shall have cause to praise God (Psalms 109:31): He shall stand at the right hand of the poor, night to him, a present help; he shall stand at his right hand as his patron and advocate to plead his cause against his accusers and to bring him off, to save him from those that condemn his soul and would execute their sentence if they could. God was David's protector in his sufferings, and was present also with the Lord Jesus in his, stood at his right hand, so that he was not moved (Psalms 16:8), saved his soul from those that pretended to be the judges of it, and received it into his own hands. Let all those that suffer according to the will of God commit the keeping of their souls to him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 109:21

Is good — Above the mercy of all the creatures.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 109:21

But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy (l) name's sake: because thy mercy [is] good, deliver thou me.

(l) As you are named merciful, gracious and long suffering, so show yourself in effect.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
But do:

Psalms 25:11 For thy name's sake, O LORD, pardon mine iniquity; for it [is] great.
Psalms 31:3 For thou [art] my rock and my fortress; therefore for thy name's sake lead me, and guide me.
Psalms 69:29 But I [am] poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
Psalms 79:9-10 Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake. ... Wherefore should the heathen say, Where [is] their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight [by] the revenging of the blood of thy servants [which is] shed.
Psalms 143:11-12 Quicken me, O LORD, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble. ... And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I [am] thy servant.
John 17:1 These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee:
Philippians 2:8-11 And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

thy mercy:

Psalms 36:7-9 How excellent [is] thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings. ... For with thee [is] the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
Psalms 63:3 Because thy lovingkindness [is] better than life, my lips shall praise thee.
Psalms 86:5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Psalms 86:15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
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Ps 25:11; 31:3; 36:7; 63:3; 69:29; 79:9; 86:5, 15; 143:11. Jn 17:1. Php 2:8.

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