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Psalms 109:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Because he remembered not to show kindness, But persecuted the poor and needy man, And the broken in heart, to slay [them].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Because he did not remember to show lovingkindness, But persecuted the afflicted and needy man, And the despondent in heart, to put [them] to death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Because that he remembered not to show mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Because he remembered not to shew kindness, but persecuted the afflicted and needy man, and the broken in heart, to slay him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because that he remembered not to show lovingkindness, but pursued the man that was oppressed and needy, that, the downhearted, he might slay.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because that he hath not remembered to do kindness, And pursueth the poor man and needy, And the smitten of heart—to slay,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— because he remembered not to shew mercy,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Because that he remembred not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poore and needy man: that he might euen slay the broken in heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Because he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the needy and poor man, and [that] to slay him that was pricked in the heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Because x3282
(3282) Complement
יַעַן
ya`an
{yah'-an}
From an unused root meaning to pay attention; properly heed; by implication purpose (sake or account); used adverbially to indicate the reason or cause.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he remembered 2142
{2142} Prime
זָכַר
zakar
{zaw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to mark (so as to be recognized), that is, to remember; by implication to mention; also (as denominative from H2145) to be male.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
to shew 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
mercy, 2617
{2617} Prime
חֶסֶד
checed
{kheh'-sed}
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
but persecuted 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the poor 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
and needy 34
{0034} Prime
אֶבְיוֹן
'ebyown
{eb-yone'}
From H0014, in the sense of want (especially in feeling); destitute.
man, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that he might even slay 4191
{4191} Prime
מָמוֹת
muwth
{mooth}
A primitive root; to die (literally or figuratively); causatively to kill.
z8788
<8788> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 7
the broken 3512
{3512} Prime
כָּאֶה
ka'ah
{kaw-aw'}
A primitive root; to despond; causatively to deject.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
in heart. 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 109:16

_ _ Let God remember guilt, because he (the wicked) did not remember mercy.

_ _ poor and needy ... broken in heart — that is, pious sufferer (Psalms 34:18; Psalms 35:10; Psalms 40:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 109:6-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 109:16

Because that (h) he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart.

(h) He shows that God plagues them in a strange way who show themselves cruel toward others.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he remembered:

2 Samuel 17:1-2 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: ... And I will come upon him while he [is] weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that [are] with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:
Matthew 5:7 Blessed [are] the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
Matthew 18:33-35 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? ... So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.

persecuted:

Psalms 10:2 The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Psalms 10:14 Thou hast seen [it]; for thou beholdest mischief and spite, to requite [it] with thy hand: the poor committeth himself unto thee; thou art the helper of the fatherless.
Genesis 42:21 And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
Job 19:2-3 How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words? ... These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed [that] ye make yourselves strange to me.
Job 19:21-22 Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O ye my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me. ... Why do ye persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh?
Matthew 27:35-46 And they crucified him, and parted his garments, casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesture did they cast lots. ... And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

slay:

Psalms 34:18 The LORD [is] nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.
Psalms 69:20-29 Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none; and for comforters, but I found none. ... But I [am] poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
2 Samuel 16:11-12 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now [may this] Benjamite [do it]? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him. ... It may be that the LORD will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
Mark 14:34-36 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. ... And he said, Abba, Father, all things [are] possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 42:21. 2S 16:11; 17:1. Jb 19:2, 21. Ps 10:2, 14; 34:18; 69:20. Mt 5:7; 18:33; 27:35. Mk 14:34. Jm 2:13.

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