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Psalms 109:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musicion. A Psalm of David.]] Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. A Psalm of David.]] O God of my praise, Do not be silent!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. Of David. A Psalm.]] O God of my praise, be not silent:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. David's. A Melody.]] O God of my praise, do not be silent;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—A Psalm of David. O God of my praise, be not silent,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, a psalm for David. O God, be not thou silent in my praise:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician, A Psalme of Dauid.]] Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm of David.]] O God, pass not over my praise in silence;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of Dawid.]] Hold not thy peace, O Elohim of my praise;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician, 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Hold x2790
(2790) Complement
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
thy peace, y2790
[2790] Standard
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
O lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
of my praise; 8416
{8416} Prime
תְּהִלָּה
t@hillah
{teh-hil-law'}
From H1984; laudation; specifically (concretely) a hymn.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 109:1

_ _ Psalms 109:1-31. The writer complains of his virulent enemies, on whom he imprecates God’s righteous punishment, and to a prayer for a divine interposition in his behalf appends the expression of his confidence and a promise of his praises. This Psalm is remarkable for the number and severity of its imprecations. Its evident typical character (compare Psalms 109:8) justifies the explanation of these already given, that as the language of David respecting his own enemies, or those of Christ, it has respect not to the penitent, but to the impenitent and implacable foes of good men, and of God and His cause, whose inevitable fate is thus indicated by inspired authority.

_ _ God of my praise — its object, thus recognizing God as a certain helper. Be not silent (compare Psalms 17:13; Psalms 28:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 109:1-5

_ _ It is the unspeakable comfort of all good people that, whoever is against them, God is for them, and to him they may apply as to one that is pleased to concern himself for them. Thus David here.

_ _ I. He refers himself to God's judgment (Psalms 109:1): “Hold not thy peace, but let my sentence come forth from thy presence, Psalms 17:2. Delay not to give judgment upon the appeal made to thee.” God saw what his enemies did against him, but seemed to connive at it, and to keep silence: “Lord,” says he, “do not always do so.” The title he gives to God is observable: “O God of my praise! the God in whom I glory, and not in any wisdom or strength of my own, from whom I have every thing that is my praise, or the God whom I have praised, and will praise, and hope to be for ever praising.” He had before called God the God of his mercy (Psalms 59:10), here he calls him the God of his praise. Forasmuch as God is the God of our mercies we must make him the God of our praises; if all is of him and from him, all must be to him and for him.

_ _ II. He complains of his enemies, showing that they were such as it was fit for the righteous God to appear against. 1. They were very spiteful and malicious: They are wicked; they delight in doing mischief (Psalms 109:2); their words are words of hatred, Psalms 109:3. They had an implacable enmity to a good man because of his goodness. “They open their mouths against me to swallow me up, and fight against me to cut me off if they could.” 2. They were notorious liars; and lying comprehends two of the seven things which the Lord hates. “They are deceitful in their protestations and professions of kindness, while at the same time they speak against me behind my back, with a lying tongue.” They were equally false in their flatteries and in their calumnies. 3. They were both public and restless in their designs; “They compassed me about on all sides, so that, which way soever I looked, I could see nothing but what made against me.” 4. They were unjust; their accusations of him, and sentence against him, were all groundless: “They have fought against me without a cause; I never gave them any provocation.” Nay, which was worst of all, 5. They were very ungrateful, and rewarded him evil for good, Psalms 109:5. Many a kindness he had done them, and was upon all occasions ready to do them, and yet he could not work upon them to abate their malice against him, but, on the contrary, they were the more exasperated because they could not provoke him to give them some occasion against him (Psalms 109:4): For my love they are my adversaries. The more he endeavoured to gratify them the more they hated him. We may wonder that it is possible that any should be so wicked; and yet, since there have been so many instances of it, we should not wonder if any be so wicked against us.

_ _ III. He resolves to keep close to his duty and take the comfort of that: But I give myself unto prayer (Psalms 109:4), I prayer (so it is in the original); “I am for prayer, I am a man of prayer, I love prayer, and prize prayer, and practise prayer, and make a business of prayer, and am in my element when I am at prayer.” A good man is made up of prayer, gives himself to prayer, as the apostles, Acts 6:4. When David's enemies falsely accused him, and misrepresented him, he applied to God and by prayer committed his cause to him. Though they were his adversaries for his love, yet he continued to pray for them; if others are abusive and injurious to us, yet let not us fail to do our duty to them, nor sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for them, 1 Samuel 12:23. Though they hated and persecuted him for his religion, yet he kept close to it; they laughed at him for his devotion, but they could not laugh him out of it. “Let them say what they will, I give myself unto prayer.” Now herein David was a type of Christ, who was compassed about with words of hatred and lying words, whose enemies not only persecuted him without cause, but for his love and his good works (John 10:32); and yet he gave himself to prayer, to pray for them. Father, forgive them.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 109:1

God — The author and matter of all my praises.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 109:1

"To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David." Hold not thy peace, O God of my (a) praise;

(a) Though all the world condemn me, yet you will approve my innocence and that is sufficient praise to me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2942, bc 1062 (Title), It is generally supposed that this Psalm was composed by David, when persecuted by Saul, who was rendered more implacable by the base and malicious calumnies of Doeg and others; though some are of opinion, that it was written when David fled from Absalom, and that Ahithophel, rather than Doeg, is the typical person against whom it is principally directed.

Hold:

Psalms 28:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Unto thee will I cry, O LORD my rock; be not silent to me: lest, [if] thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.
Psalms 35:22-23 [This] thou hast seen, O LORD: keep not silence: O Lord, be not far from me. ... Stir up thyself, and awake to my judgment, [even] unto my cause, my God and my Lord.
Psalms 83:1 [[A Song [or] Psalm of Asaph.]] Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.
Isaiah 42:14 I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, [and] refrained myself: [now] will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once.

O God:

Psalms 118:28 Thou [art] my God, and I will praise thee: [thou art] my God, I will exalt thee.
Exodus 15:2 The LORD [is] my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he [is] my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt him.
Deuteronomy 10:21 He [is] thy praise, and he [is] thy God, that hath done for thee these great and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen.
Jeremiah 17:14 Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for thou [art] my praise.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:2. Dt 10:21. Ps 28:1; 35:22; 83:1; 118:28. Is 42:14. Jr 17:14.

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