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Psalms 106:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore he said that he would destroy them, Had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen one stood in the breach before Him, To turn away His wrath from destroying [them].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses, his chosen, stood before him in the breach, to turn away his fury, lest he should destroy [them].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then would he have bidden to destroy them,—had not Moses his chosen, stood in the breach before him, To turn back his wrath from destroying.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He saith to destroy them, Unless Moses, His chosen one, Had stood in the breach before Him, To turn back His wrath from destroying.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said that he would destroy them: had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach: To turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach: to turne away his wrath, lest hee should destroy [them].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So he said that he would have destroyed them, had not Mosheh{gr.Moses} his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn [him] away from the fierceness of his anger, so that he should not destroy them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Mosheh his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore he said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
that he would destroy 8045
{8045} Prime
שָׁמַד
shamad
{shaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to desolate.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
them, had not 3884
{3884} Prime
לוּלֵא
luwle'
{loo-lay'}
From H3863 and H3808; if not.
M מֹשֶׁה 4872
{4872} Prime
מֹשֶׁה
Mosheh
{mo-sheh'}
From H4871; drawing out (of the water), that is, rescued; Mosheh, the Israelitish lawgiver.
his chosen 972
{0972} Prime
בָּחִיר
bachiyr
{baw-kheer'}
From H0977; select.
stood 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
him in the breach, 6556
{6556} Prime
פֶּרֶץ
perets
{peh'-rets}
From H6555; a break (literally or figuratively).
to turn away 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
his wrath, 2534
{2534} Prime
חֵמָה
chemah
{khay-maw'}
From H3179; heat; figuratively anger, poison (from its fever).
lest he should destroy 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[them].
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 106:19-23.


Psalms 106:23

_ _ he said — namely, to Moses (Deuteronomy 9:13). With God, saying is as certain as doing; but His purpose, while full of wrath against sin, takes into account the mediation of Him of whom Moses was the type (Exodus 32:11-14; Deuteronomy 9:18, Deuteronomy 9:19).

_ _ Moses his chosen — that is, to be His servant (compare Psalms 105:26).

_ _ in the breach — as a warrior covers with his body the broken part of a wall or fortress besieged, a perilous place (Ezekiel 13:5; Ezekiel 22:30).

_ _ to turn away — or, “prevent”

_ _ his wrath — (Numbers 25:11; Psalms 78:38).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 106:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 106:23

Breach — God had made a wall about them; but they had made a breach in it by their sins, at which the Lord, who was now justly become their enemy, might enter to destroy them; which he had certainly done, if Moses by his prevailing intercession had not hindered him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 106:23

Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had (l) not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy [them].

(l) If Moses, by his intercession, had not obtained God's favour against their rebellion.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he said:

Exodus 32:10-11 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation. ... And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?
Exodus 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.
Deuteronomy 9:13-14 Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, I have seen this people, and, behold, it [is] a stiffnecked people: ... Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.
Deuteronomy 9:19 For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy you. But the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also.
Deuteronomy 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down [at the first]; because the LORD had said he would destroy you.
Deuteronomy 10:10 And I stayed in the mount, according to the first time, forty days and forty nights; and the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also, [and] the LORD would not destroy thee.
Ezekiel 20:13-14 But the house of Israel rebelled against me in the wilderness: they walked not in my statutes, and they despised my judgments, which [if] a man do, he shall even live in them; and my sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out my fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them. ... But I wrought for my name's sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, in whose sight I brought them out.

his chosen:

Psalms 105:6 O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen.
Psalms 105:26 He sent Moses his servant; [and] Aaron whom he had chosen.
Numbers 16:5 And he spake unto Korah and unto all his company, saying, Even to morrow the LORD will shew who [are] his, and [who is] holy; and will cause [him] to come near unto him: even [him] whom he hath chosen will he cause to come near unto him.
Matthew 12:18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.
John 15:16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and [that] your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.
John 15:19 If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.

stood:

Exodus 32:14 And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.
Jeremiah 5:1 Run ye to and fro through the streets of Jerusalem, and see now, and know, and seek in the broad places thereof, if ye can find a man, if there be [any] that executeth judgment, that seeketh the truth; and I will pardon it.
Ezekiel 13:5 Ye have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD.
Ezekiel 22:30 And I sought for a man among them, that should make up the hedge, and stand in the gap before me for the land, that I should not destroy it: but I found none.
James 5:16 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:10, 14, 32. Nu 16:5. Dt 9:13, 19, 25; 10:10. Ps 105:6, 26. Jr 5:1. Ezk 13:5; 20:13; 22:30. Mt 12:18. Jn 15:16, 19. Jm 5:16.

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