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Psalms 106:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They made a calf in Horeb, And worshipped a molten image.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They made a calf in Horeb And worshiped a molten image.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They made a calf in Horeb, and worshiped the molten image.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They made a calf in Horeb, and did homage to a molten image;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They made a calf in Horeb,—and bowed down to a molten image;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They make a calf in Horeb, And bow themselves to a molten image,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They made also a calf in Horeb: and they adored the graven thing.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They made a calfe in Horeb: and worshipped the molten image.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they made a calf in Horeb{gr.Choreb}, and worshipped the graven image,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They made a calf in Chorev, and worshipped the molten image.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They made 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a calf 5695
{5695} Prime
From the same as H5696; a (male) calf (as frisking round), especially one nearly grown (that is, a steer).
in rv חֹרֵב, 2722
{2722} Prime
From H2717; desolate; Choreb, a (generic) name for the Sinaitic mountains.
and worshipped 7812
{7812} Prime
A primitive root; to depress, that is, prostrate (especially reflexively in homage to royalty or God).
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
the molten image. 4541
{4541} Prime
From H5258; properly a pouring over, that is, fusion of metal (especially a cast image); by implication a libation, that is, league; concretely a coverlet (as if poured out).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 106:19-23

_ _ From indirect setting God at naught, they pass to direct.

_ _ made — though prohibited in Exodus 20:4, Exodus 20:5 to make a likeness, even of the true God.

_ _ calf — called so in contempt. They would have made an ox or bull, but their idol turned out but a calf; an imitation of the divine symbols, the cherubim; or of the sacred bull of Egyptian idolatry. The idolatry was more sinful in view of their recent experience of God’s power in Egypt and His wonders at Sinai (Exodus 32:1-6). Though intending to worship Jehovah under the symbol of the calf, yet as this was incompatible with His nature (Deuteronomy 4:15-17), they in reality gave up Him, and so were given up by Him. Instead of the Lord of heaven, they had as their glory the image of an ox that does nothing but eat grass.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 106:13-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 106:19

A calf — When they were but just brought out of Egypt by such wonders, and had seen the plagues of God upon the Egyptian idolaters, and when the law of God was but newly delivered to them in such a tremendous manner.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 32:4-8 And he received [them] at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. ... They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These [be] thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
Exodus 32:35 And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.
Deuteronomy 9:12-16 And the LORD said unto me, Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt have corrupted [themselves]; they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image. ... And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the LORD your God, [and] had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the LORD had commanded you.
Deuteronomy 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, [and] ground [it] very small, [even] until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount.
Nehemiah 9:18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, This [is] thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt, and had wrought great provocations;
1 Corinthians 10:7 Neither be ye idolaters, as [were] some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
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Ex 32:4, 35. Dt 9:12, 21. Ne 9:18. 1Co 10:7.

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