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Psalms 104:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, [And] oil to make his face to shine, And bread that strengtheneth man's heart.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And wine which makes man’s heart glad, So that he may make [his] face glisten with oil, And food which sustains man’s heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And wine which gladdeneth the heart of man; making [his] face shine with oil; and with bread he strengtheneth man's heart.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, wine, may rejoice the heart of man, Making radiant his well-nourished face,—And, food, may, the heart of man, sustain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And wine—it rejoiceth the heart of man, To cause the face to shine from oil, And bread—the heart of man it supporteth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And that wine may cheer the heart of man. That he may make the face cheerful with oil: and that bread may strengthen man's heart.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oile to make [his] face to shine: and bread [which] strengtheneth mans heart.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and wine makes glad the heart of man, to make his face cheerful with oil: and bread strengthens man's heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
[that] maketh glad 8055
{8055} Prime
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the heart 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
of man, 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
[and] oil 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
to make [his] face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
to shine, 6670
{6670} Prime
צָהַל
tsahal
{tsaw-hal'}
A primitive root; to gleam, that is, (figuratively) be cheerful; by transference, to sound clear (of various animal or human expressions).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
and bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
[which] strengtheneth 5582
{5582} Prime
סָעַד
ca`ad
{saw-ad'}
A primitive root; to support (mostly figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
man's 582
{0582} Prime
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
heart. 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 104:14-15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 104:10-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 104:15

Oil — He alludes to the custom of those times and places, which was upon festival occasions to anoint their faces with oil. Bread — Which preserves or renews our strength and vigour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wine:

Psalms 23:5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Judges 9:13 And the vine said unto them, Should I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
Proverbs 31:6 Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.
Ecclesiastes 10:19 A feast is made for laughter, and wine maketh merry: but money answereth all [things].
Jeremiah 31:12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
Zechariah 9:15-17 The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, [and] make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, [and] as the corners of the altar. ... For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.
Mark 14:23 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave [it] to them: and they all drank of it.
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;

oil to make his:
etc. Heb. to make his face shine with oil, or, more than oil.
Psalms 92:10 But my horn shalt thou exalt like [the horn of] an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
Deuteronomy 28:40 Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint [thyself] with the oil; for thine olive shall cast [his fruit].
Judges 9:9 But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?
Ecclesiastes 8:1 Who [is] as the wise [man]? and who knoweth the interpretation of a thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and the boldness of his face shall be changed.
Ecclesiastes 9:7 Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, and drink thy wine with a merry heart; for God now accepteth thy works.
Song of Songs 1:2-4 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love [is] better than wine. ... Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.
Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
1 John 2:20 But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.

bread:

Psalms 105:16 Moreover he called for a famine upon the land: he brake the whole staff of bread.
Leviticus 26:26 [And] when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver [you] your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied.
Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every [word] that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Isaiah 3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,
Ezekiel 4:16 Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment:
Ezekiel 5:16 When I shall send upon them the evil arrows of famine, which shall be for [their] destruction, [and] which I will send to destroy you: and I will increase the famine upon you, and will break your staff of bread:
Ezekiel 14:13 Son of man, when the land sinneth against me by trespassing grievously, then will I stretch out mine hand upon it, and will break the staff of the bread thereof, and will send famine upon it, and will cut off man and beast from it:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:26. Dt 8:3; 28:40. Jg 9:9, 13. Ps 23:5; 92:10; 105:16. Pv 31:6. Ec 8:1; 9:7; 10:19. So 1:2. Is 3:1. Jr 31:12. Ezk 4:16; 5:16; 14:13. Zc 9:15. Mk 14:23. Ep 5:18. He 1:9. 1Jn 2:20.

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