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Psalms 103:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless Jehovah, O my soul; And all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul, And all that is within me, [bless] His holy name.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless Jehovah, O my soul; and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Bless, O my soul, Yahweh,—And all that is within me, his holy Name;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By David. Bless, O my soul, Jehovah, And all my inward parts—His Holy Name.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For David himself. Bless the Lord, O my soul: and let all that is within me bless his holy name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A [Psalme] of Dauid.]] Blesse the LORD, O my soule: and all that is within me, [blesse] his holy Name.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the Lord, O my soul; and all [that is] within me, [bless] his holy name.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[[A Psalm] of Dawid.]] Bless Yahweh, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[[A Psalm] of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Bless 1288
{1288} Prime
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
O my soul: 5315
{5315} Prime
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
and all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that is within 7130
{7130} Prime
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
me, [bless] x853
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his holy 6944
{6944} Prime
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
name. 8034
{8034} Prime
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 103:1

_ _ Psalms 103:1-22. A Psalm of joyous praise, in which the writer rises from a thankful acknowledgment of personal blessings to a lively celebration of God’s gracious attributes, as not only intrinsically worthy of praise, but as specially suited to man’s frailty. He concludes by invoking all creatures to unite in his song.

_ _ Bless, etc. — when God is the object, praise.

_ _ my soul — myself (Psalms 3:3; Psalms 25:1), with allusion to the act, as one of intelligence.

_ _ all ... within me — (Deuteronomy 6:5).

_ _ his holy name — (Psalms 5:11), His complete moral perfections.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 103:1-5

_ _ David is here communing with his own heart, and he is no fool that thus talks to himself and excites his own soul to that which is good. Observe,

_ _ I. How he stirs up himself to the duty of praise, Psalms 103:1, Psalms 103:2. 1. It is the Lord that is to be blessed and spoken well of; for he is the fountain of all good, whatever are the channels or cisterns; it is to his name, his holy name, that we are to consecrate our praise, giving thanks at the remembrance of his holiness. 2. It is the soul that is to be employed in blessing God, and all that is within us. We make nothing of our religious performances if we do not make heart-work of them, if that which is within us, nay, if all that is within us, be not engaged in them. The work requires the inward man, the whole man, and all little enough. 3. In order to our return of praises to God, there must be a grateful remembrance of the mercies we have received from him: Forget not all his benefits. If we do not give thanks for them, we do forget them; and that is unjust as well as unkind, since in all God's favours there is so much that is memorable. “O my soul! to thy shame be it spoken, thou hast forgotten many of his benefits; but surely thou wilt not forget them all, for thou shouldst not have forgotten any.”

_ _ II. How he furnishes himself with abundant matter for praise, and that which is very affecting: “Come, my soul, consider what God has done for thee.” 1. “He has pardoned thy sins (Psalms 103:3); he has forgiven, and does forgive, all thy iniquities.” This is mentioned first because by the pardon of sin that is taken away which kept good things from us, and we are restored to the favour of God, which bestows good things on us. Think what the provocation was; it was iniquity, and yet pardoned; how many the provocations were, and yet all pardoned. He has forgiven all our trespasses. It is a continued act; he is still forgiving, as we are still sinning and repenting. 2. “He has cured thy sickness.” The corruption of nature is the sickness of the soul; it is its disorder, and threatens its death. This is cured in sanctification; when sin is mortified, the disease is healed; though complicated, it is all healed. Our crimes were capital, but God saves our lives by pardoning them; our diseases were mortal, but God saves our lives by healing them. These two go together; for, as for God, his work is perfect and not done by halves; if God take away the guilt of sin by pardoning mercy, he will break the power of it by renewing grace. Where Christ is made righteousness to any soul he is made sanctification, 1 Corinthians 1:30. 3. “He has rescued thee from danger.” A man may be in peril of life, not only by his crimes, or his diseases, but by the power of his enemies; and therefore here also we experience the divine goodness: Who redeemed thy life from destruction (Psalms 103:4), from the destroyer, from hell (so the Chaldee), from the second death. The redemption of the soul is precious; we cannot compass it, and therefore are the more indebted to divine grace that has wrought it out, to him who has obtained eternal redemption for us. See Job 33:24, Job 33:28. 4. “He has not only saved thee from death and ruin, but has made thee truly and completely happy, with honour, pleasure, and long life.” (1.) “He has given thee true honour and great honour, no less than a crown: He crowns thee with his lovingkindness and tender mercies;” and what greater dignity is a poor soul capable of than to be advanced into the love and favour of God? This honour have all his saints. What is the crown of glory but God's favour? (2.) “He has given thee true pleasure: He satisfies thy mouth with good things” (Psalms 103:5); it is only the favour and grace of God that can give satisfaction to a soul, can suit its capacities, supply its needs, and answer to its desires. Nothing but divine wisdom can undertake to fill its treasures (Proverbs 8:21); other things will surfeit, but not satiate, Ecclesiastes 6:7; Isaiah 55:2. (3.) “He has given thee a prospect and pledge of long life: Thy youth is renewed like the eagle's.” The eagle is long-lived, and, as naturalists say, when she is nearly 100 years old, casts all her feathers (as indeed she changes them in a great measure every year at moulting time), and fresh ones come, so that she becomes young again. When God, by the graces and comforts of his Spirit, recovers his people from their decays, and fills them with new life and joy, which is to them an earnest of eternal life and joy, then they may be said to return to the days of their youth, Job 33:25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 103:1

"[A Psalm] of David." (a) Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.

(a) He wakens his dulness to praise God, showing that both understanding and affections, mind and heart, are too little to set forth his praise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2970, bc 1034


Psalms 103:22 Bless the LORD, all his works in all places of his dominion: bless the LORD, O my soul.
Psalms 104:1 Bless the LORD, O my soul. O LORD my God, thou art very great; thou art clothed with honour and majesty.
Psalms 146:1-2 Praise ye the LORD. Praise the LORD, O my soul. ... While I live will I praise the LORD: I will sing praises unto my God while I have any being.
Luke 1:46-47 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, ... And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour.

all that:

Psalms 47:7 For God [is] the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding.
Psalms 57:7-11 My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed: I will sing and give praise. ... Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: [let] thy glory [be] above all the earth.
Psalms 63:5 My soul shall be satisfied as [with] marrow and fatness; and my mouth shall praise [thee] with joyful lips:
Psalms 86:12-13 I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore. ... For great [is] thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.
Psalms 111:1 Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with [my] whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and [in] the congregation.
Psalms 138:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] I will praise thee with my whole heart: before the gods will I sing praise unto thee.
Mark 12:30-33 And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this [is] the first commandment. ... And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love [his] neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.
John 4:24 God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.
1 Corinthians 14:15 What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.
Philippians 1:9 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment;
Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.

holy name:

Psalms 99:3 Let them praise thy great and terrible name; [for] it [is] holy.
Isaiah 6:3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.
Revelation 4:8 And the four beasts had each of them six wings about [him]; and [they were] full of eyes within: and they rest not day and night, saying, Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 47:7; 57:7; 63:5; 86:12; 99:3; 103:22; 104:1; 111:1; 138:1; 146:1. Is 6:3. Mk 12:30. Lk 1:46. Jn 4:24. 1Co 14:15. Php 1:9. Col 3:16. Rv 4:8.

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