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Proverbs 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A worthless person, a man of iniquity, Is he that walketh with a perverse mouth;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A worthless person, a wicked man, Is the one who walks with a perverse mouth,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A man of Belial, a wicked person, is he that goeth about with a perverse mouth;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— An abandoned man, a man of iniquity, [is he] who—goeth on in perversity of mouth;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man of worthlessness, a man of iniquity, Walking [with] perverseness of mouth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A man that is an apostate, an unprofitable man, walketh with a perverse mouth,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A naughtie person, a wicked man walketh with a froward mouth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A foolish man and a transgressor goes in ways that are not good.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A naughty 1100
{1100} Prime
From H1097 and H3276; without profit, worthlessness; by extension destruction, wickedness (often in connection with H0376, H0802, H1121, etc.).
person, 120
{0120} Prime
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
a wicked 205
{0205} Prime
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
man, 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
walketh 1980
{1980} Prime
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
with a froward 6143
{6143} Prime
From H6141; perversity.
mouth. 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 6:12

_ _ A naughty person — literally, “A man of Belial,” or of worthlessness, that is, for good, and so depraved, or wicked (compare 1 Samuel 25:25; 1 Samuel 30:22, etc.). Idleness and vice are allied. Though indolent in acts, he actively and habitually (walketh) is ill-natured in speech (Proverbs 4:24).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 6:12-19

_ _ Solomon here gives us,

_ _ I. The characters of one that is mischievous to man and dangerous to be dealt with. If the slothful are to be condemned, that do nothing, much more those that do ill, and contrive to do all the ill they can. It is a naughty person that is here spoken of, Heb. A man of Belial; I think it should have been so translated, because it is a term often used in scripture, and this is the explication of it. Observe,

_ _ 1. How a man of Belial is here described. He is a wicked man, that makes a trade of doing evil, especially with his tongue, for he walks and works his designs with a froward mouth (Proverbs 6:12), by lying and perverseness, and a direct opposition to God and man. He says and does every thing, (1.) Very artfully and with design. He has the subtlety of the serpent, and carries on his projects with a great deal of craft and management (Proverbs 6:13), with his eyes, with his feet, with his fingers. He expresses his malice when he dares not speak out (so some), or, rather, thus he carries on his plot; those about him, whom he makes use of as the tools of his wickedness, understand the ill meaning of a wink of his eye, a stamp of his feet, the least motion of his fingers. He gives orders for evil-doing, and yet would not be thought to do so, but has ways of concealing what he does, so that he may not be suspected. He is a close man, and upon the reserve; those only shall be let into the secret that would do any thing he would have them to do. He is a cunning man, and upon the trick; he has a language by himself, which an honest man is not acquainted with, nor desires to be. (2.) Very spitefully and with ill design. It is not so much ambition or covetousness that is in his heart, as downright frowardness, malice, and ill nature. He aims not so much to enrich and advance himself as to do an ill turn to those about him. He is continually devising one mischief or other, purely for mischief-sake — a man of Belial indeed, of the devil, resembling him not only in subtlety, but in malice.

_ _ 2. What his doom is (Proverbs 6:15): His calamity shall come and he shall be broken; he that devised mischief shall fall into mischief. His ruin shall come, (1.) Without warning. It shall come suddenly: Suddenly shall he be broken, to punish him for all the wicked arts he had to surprise people into his snares. (2.) Without relief. He shall be irreparably broken, and never able to piece again: He shall be broken without remedy. What relief can he expect that has disobliged all mankind? He shall come to his end and none shall help him, Daniel 11:45.

_ _ II. A catalogue of those things which are in a special manner odious to God, all which are generally to be found in those men of Belial whom he had described in the foregoing verses; and the last of them (which, being the seventh, seems especially to be intended, because he says they are six, yea, seven) is part of his character, that he sows discord. God hates sin; he hates every sin; he can never be reconciled to it; he hates nothing but sin. But there are some sins which he does in a special manner hate; and all those here mentioned are such as are injurious to our neighbour. It is an evidence of the good-will God bears to mankind that those sins are in a special manner provoking to him which are prejudicial to the comfort of human life and society. Therefore the men of Belial must expect their ruin to come suddenly, and without remedy, because their practices are such as the Lord hates and are an abomination to him, Proverbs 6:16. Those things which God hates it is no thanks to us to hate in others, but we must hate them in ourselves. 1. Haughtiness, conceitedness of ourselves, and contempt of others — a proud look. There are seven things that God hates, and pride is the first, because it is at the bottom of much sin and gives rise to it. God sees the pride in the heart and hates it there; but, when it prevails to that degree that the show of men's countenance witnesses against them that they overvalue themselves and undervalue all about them, this is in a special manner hateful to him, for then pride is proud of itself and sets shame at defiance. 2. Falsehood, and fraud, and dissimulation. Next to a proud look nothing is more an abomination to God than a lying tongue; nothing more sacred than truth, nor more necessary to conversation than speaking truth. God and all good men hate and abhor lying. 3. Cruelty and blood-thirstiness. The devil was, from the beginning, a liar and a murderer (John 8:44), and therefore, as a lying tongue, so hands that shed innocent blood are hateful to God, because they have in them the devil's image and do him service. 4. Subtlety in the contrivance of sin, wisdom to do evil, a heart that designs and a head that devises wicked imaginations, that is acquainted with the depths of Satan and knows how to carry on a covetous, envious, revengeful plot, most effectually. The more there is of craft and management in sin the more it is an abomination to God. 5. Vigour and diligence in the prosecution of sin — feet that are swift in running to mischief, as if they were afraid of losing time or were impatient of delay in a thing they are so greedy of. The policy and vigilance, the eagerness and industry, of sinners, in their sinful pursuits, may shame us who go about that which is good so awkwardly and so coldly. 6. False-witness bearing, which is one of the greatest mischiefs that the wicked imagination can devise, and against which there is least fence. There cannot be a greater affront to God (to whom in an oath appeal is made) nor a greater injury to our neighbour (all whose interests in this world, even the dearest, lie open to an attack of this kind) than knowingly to give in a false testimony. There are seven things which God hates, and lying involves two of them; he hates it, and doubly hates it. 7. Making mischief between relations and neighbours, and using all wicked means possible, not only to alienate their affections one from another, but to irritate their passions one against another. The God of love and peace hates him that sows discord among brethren, for he delights in concord. Those that by tale-bearing and slandering, by carrying ill-natured stories, aggravating every thing that is said and done, and suggesting jealousies and evil surmises, blow the coals of contention, are but preparing for themselves a fire of the same nature.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 6:12

A naughty person, (f) a wicked man, walketh with a froward mouth.

(f) He shows to what inconvenience the idle persons and sluggards come, by calling them unthrifty, or the men of Belial, and slanderous.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 11:6 The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them: but transgressors shall be taken in [their own] naughtiness.
Proverbs 17:4 A wicked doer giveth heed to false lips; [and] a liar giveth ear to a naughty tongue.
1 Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
Jeremiah 24:2 One basket [had] very good figs, [even] like the figs [that are] first ripe: and the other basket [had] very naughty figs, which could not be eaten, they were so bad.
Jeremiah 24:8-10 And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus saith the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt: ... And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers.
James 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.


Proverbs 6:14 Frowardness [is] in his heart, he deviseth mischief continually; he soweth discord.
Proverbs 2:12 To deliver thee from the way of the evil [man], from the man that speaketh froward things;
Proverbs 4:24 Put away from thee a froward mouth, and perverse lips put far from thee.
Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate.
Psalms 10:3 For the wicked boasteth of his heart's desire, and blesseth the covetous, [whom] the LORD abhorreth.
Psalms 10:7 His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue [is] mischief and vanity.
Psalms 36:3 The words of his mouth [are] iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, [and] to do good.
Psalms 52:2-4 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. ... Thou lovest all devouring words, O [thou] deceitful tongue.
Psalms 59:7 Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords [are] in their lips: for who, [say they], doth hear?
Psalms 73:8-9 They are corrupt, and speak wickedly [concerning] oppression: they speak loftily. ... They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
Matthew 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh.
Acts 20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
1 Timothy 5:13 And withal they learn [to be] idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not.
Titus 1:10-11 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: ... Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake.
James 3:6 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 17:28. Ps 10:3, 7; 36:3; 52:2; 59:7; 73:8. Pv 2:12; 4:24; 6:14; 8:13; 11:6; 17:4. Jr 24:2, 8. Mt 12:34. Ac 20:30. 1Ti 5:13. Tit 1:10. Jm 1:21; 3:6.

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