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Proverbs 4:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Keep thy heart with all diligence; For out of it are the issues of life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Watch over your heart with all diligence, For from it [flow] the springs of life.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Keep thy heart more than anything that is guarded; for out of it are the issues of life.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Above all that must be guarded, keep thou thy heart, for, out of it, are the issues of life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Above every charge keep thy heart, For out of it [are] the outgoings of life.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— With all watchfulness keep thy heart, because life issueth out from it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Keepe thy heart with all diligence: for out of it [are] the issues of life.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Keep thine heart with the utmost care; for out of these are the issues of life.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Keep 5341
{5341} Prime
A primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.).
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy heart 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
with all x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
diligence; 4929
{4929} Prime
From H8104; a guard (the man, the post, or the prison); figuratively a deposit; also (as observed) a usage (abstractly), or an example (concretely).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
it [are] the issues 8444
{8444} Prime
From H3318; (only in plural collective) exit, that is, (geographical) boundary, or (figuratively) deliverance, (actively) source.
of life. 2416
{2416} Prime
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 4:23

_ _ with all diligence — or, “above,” or “more than all,” custody (compare Margin), all that is kept (compare Ezekiel 38:7), because the heart is the depository of all wisdom and the source of whatever affects life and character (Matthew 12:35; Matthew 15:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 4:20-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 4:23

Heart — Thy thoughts, will, and affections. For — From thence proceed all the actions, as of the natural, so of the spiritual life, which lead to eternal life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 4:23

Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of (k) life.

(k) For as the heart is either pure or corrupt, so is the whole course of man's life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 22:5 Thorns [and] snares [are] in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.
Proverbs 23:19 Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way.
Proverbs 28:26 He that trusteth in his own heart is a fool: but whoso walketh wisely, he shall be delivered.
Deuteronomy 4:9 Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons;
Psalms 139:23-24 Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts: ... And see if [there be any] wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Mark 14:38 Watch ye and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The spirit truly [is] ready, but the flesh [is] weak.
Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;

with all diligence:
Heb. above all keeping,
Proverbs 4:7 Wisdom [is] the principal thing; [therefore] get wisdom: and with all thy getting get understanding.
Proverbs 3:21 My son, let not them depart from thine eyes: keep sound wisdom and discretion:
Proverbs 11:16 A gracious woman retaineth honour: and strong [men] retain riches.
Proverbs 13:3 He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: [but] he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.
Ecclesiastes 5:13 There is a sore evil [which] I have seen under the sun, [namely], riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.


Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
Matthew 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies:
Mark 7:21-23 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, ... All these evil things come from within, and defile the man.
James 1:14-15 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. ... Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:9. Ps 139:23. Pv 3:21; 4:7; 11:16; 13:3; 22:5; 23:19; 28:26. Ec 5:13. Jr 17:9. Mt 12:35; 15:19. Mk 7:21; 14:38. He 12:15. Jm 1:14.

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