Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Proverbs 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For they sleep not, except they do evil; And their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For they cannot sleep unless they do evil; And they are robbed of sleep unless they make [someone] stumble.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For they sleep not except they have done mischief, and their sleep is taken away unless they have caused [some] to fall.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For they sleep not, unless they can do mischief,—They rob themselves of their sleep, if they cannot cause someone to stumble,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For they sleep not if they do not evil, And their sleep hath been taken violently away, If they cause not [some] to stumble.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For they sleep not, except they have done evil: and their sleep is taken away unless they have made some to fall.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For they sleepe not except they haue done mischiefe: and their sleepe is taken away vnlesse they cause some to fall.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For they cannot sleep, unless they have done evil: their sleep is taken away, and they rest not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they sleep 3462
{3462} Prime
יָשֵׁן
yashen
{yaw-shane'}
A primitive root; properly to be slack or languid, that is, (by implication) sleep (figuratively to die); also to grow old, stale or inveterate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not, x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
except x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
they have done mischief; 7489
{7489} Prime
רָעַע
ra`a`
{raw-ah'}
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and their sleep 8142
{8142} Prime
שֵׁנָה
shehah
{shay-naw'}
(The second form used in Psalms 127:2); from H3462; sleep.
is taken away, 1497
{1497} Prime
גָּזַל
gazal
{gaw-zal'}
A primitive root; to pluck off; specifically to flay, strip or rob.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
unless x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
they cause [some] to fall. 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 4:16-17

_ _ The reason is found in the character of sinners, whose zeal to do evil is forcibly depicted (Proverbs 6:4; Psalms 36:5). They live by flagrant vices (Proverbs 1:13). Some prefer to render, “Their bread is wickedness, their drink violence” (compare Job 15:16; Job 34:7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 4:14-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 4:16

For — They cannot sleep with quietness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 4:16

For they (f) sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause [some] to fall.

(f) Meaning that to do evil is more proper and natural to the wicked than to sleep, eat or drink.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 1:16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
Psalms 36:4 He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Isaiah 57:20 But the wicked [are] like the troubled sea, when it cannot rest, whose waters cast up mire and dirt.
Micah 2:1 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand.
Luke 22:66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,
John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
2 Peter 2:14 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 36:4. Pv 1:16. Is 57:20. Mi 2:1. Lk 22:66. Jn 18:28. 2P 2:14.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Proverbs 4:16.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Proverbs 4:16


Recent Chat Bible Comments