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Proverbs 31:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, And minister justice to the poor and needy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Open your mouth, judge righteously, And defend the rights of the afflicted and needy.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and minister justice to the afflicted and needy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Open thy mouth—judge righteously,—and administer justice for the poor and the needy.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, Both the cause of the poor and needy!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Open thy mouth, decree that which is just, and do justice to the needy and poor.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Open thy mouth, iudge righteously, and plead the cause of the poore and needy.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Open thy mouth and judge justly, and plead the cause of the poor and weak.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Open 6605
{6605} Prime
פָּתַח
pathach
{paw-thakh'}
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy mouth, 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
righteously, 6664
{6664} Prime
צֶדֶק
tsedeq
{tseh'-dek}
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
and plead y1777
[1777] Standard
דִּין
diyn
{deen}
A primitive root (compare H0113); to rule; by implication to judge (as umpire); also to strive (as at law).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the cause x1777
(1777) Complement
דִּין
diyn
{deen}
A primitive root (compare H0113); to rule; by implication to judge (as umpire); also to strive (as at law).
of the poor 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
and needy. 34
{0034} Prime
אֶבְיוֹן
'ebyown
{eb-yone'}
From H0014, in the sense of want (especially in feeling); destitute.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:3-9.


Proverbs 31:8-9

_ _ Open ... cause — Plead for those who cannot plead for themselves, as the orphan, stranger, etc. (compare Psalms 72:12; Isaiah 1:17).

_ _ appointed to destruction — who are otherwise ruined by their oppressors (compare Proverbs 29:14, Proverbs 29:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 16:12 [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.
Proverbs 20:8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
Leviticus 19:15 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: [but] in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.
Deuteronomy 1:16 And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear [the causes] between your brethren, and judge righteously between [every] man and his brother, and the stranger [that is] with him.
Deuteronomy 16:18-20 Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment. ... That which is altogether just shalt thou follow, that thou mayest live, and inherit the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
2 Samuel 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
Psalms 58:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David.]] Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men? ... Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.
Psalms 72:1-2 [[[A Psalm] for Solomon.]] Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son. ... He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment.
Job 29:12 Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and [him that had] none to help him.
Job 29:15-16 I was eyes to the blind, and feet [was] I to the lame. ... I [was] a father to the poor: and the cause [which] I knew not I searched out.
Isaiah 1:17 Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow.
Isaiah 1:23 Thy princes [are] rebellious, and companions of thieves: every one loveth gifts, and followeth after rewards: they judge not the fatherless, neither doth the cause of the widow come unto them.
Isaiah 11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Isaiah 32:1-2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. ... And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
Jeremiah 22:3 Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Jeremiah 22:15-16 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him? ... He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then [it was] well [with him: was] not this to know me? saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
John 7:24 Judge not according to the appearance, but judge righteous judgment.
Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:15. Dt 1:16; 16:18. 2S 8:15. Jb 29:12, 15. Ps 58:1; 72:1. Pv 16:12; 20:8. Is 1:17, 23; 11:4; 32:1. Jr 5:28; 22:3, 15; 23:5. Dn 4:27. Am 5:11. Zc 7:9; 9:9. Jn 7:24. He 1:9. Rv 19:11.

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