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Proverbs 31:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Open thy mouth for the dumb, In the cause of all such as are left desolate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Open your mouth for the mute, For the rights of all the unfortunate.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb, for the cause of all those that are left desolate.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb, for the cause of all the children of the departed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb, For the right of all sons of change.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Open thy mouth for the dumb, and for the causes of all the children that pass.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Open thy mouth for the dumbe in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Open thy mouth with the word of God, and judge all fairly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Open 6605
{6605} Prime
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy mouth 6310
{6310} Prime
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
for the dumb 483
{0483} Prime
From H0481; speechless.
in x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the cause 1779
{1779} Prime
From H1777; judgment (the suit, justice, sentence or tribunal); by implication also strife.
of all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
such as are appointed 1121
{1121} Prime
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
to destruction. 2475
{2475} Prime
From H2498; properly surviving; by implication (collectively) orphans.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:3-9.

Proverbs 31:8-9

_ _ Open ... cause — Plead for those who cannot plead for themselves, as the orphan, stranger, etc. (compare Psalms 72:12; Isaiah 1:17).

_ _ appointed to destruction — who are otherwise ruined by their oppressors (compare Proverbs 29:14, Proverbs 29:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 31:8

The dumb — For such as cannot speak in their own cause, either through ignorance, or because of the dread of their more potent adversaries. Destruction — Who, without such succour from the judges, are like to be utterly ruined.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 31:8

Open thy mouth for the (g) dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.

(g) Defend their cause that are not able to help themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 24:7 Wisdom [is] too high for a fool: he openeth not his mouth in the gate.
Proverbs 24:11-12 If thou forbear to deliver [them that are] drawn unto death, and [those that are] ready to be slain; ... If thou sayest, Behold, we knew it not; doth not he that pondereth the heart consider [it]? and he that keepeth thy soul, doth [not] he know [it]? and shall [not] he render to [every] man according to his works?
1 Samuel 19:4-7 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good: ... And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as in times past.
1 Samuel 20:32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done?
1 Samuel 22:14-15 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who [is so] faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king's son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house? ... Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the king impute [any] thing unto his servant, [nor] to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.
Esther 4:13-16 Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Think not with thyself that thou shalt escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews. ... Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Job 29:9 The princes refrained talking, and laid [their] hand on their mouth.
Job 29:17 And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.
Psalms 82:3-4 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. ... Deliver the poor and needy: rid [them] out of the hand of the wicked.
Jeremiah 26:16-19 Then said the princes and all the people unto the priests and to the prophets; This man [is] not worthy to die: for he hath spoken to us in the name of the LORD our God. ... Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him at all to death? did he not fear the LORD, and besought the LORD, and the LORD repented him of the evil which he had pronounced against them? Thus might we procure great evil against our souls.
Jeremiah 26:24 Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death.
Jeremiah 38:7-10 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon; the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin; ... Then the king commanded Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, saying, Take from hence thirty men with thee, and take up Jeremiah the prophet out of the dungeon, before he die.
John 7:51 Doth our law judge [any] man, before it hear him, and know what he doeth?

etc. Heb. the sons of destruction,
Psalms 79:11 Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness of thy power preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 19:4; 20:32; 22:14. Es 4:13. Jb 29:9, 17. Ps 79:11; 82:3. Pv 24:7, 11. Jr 26:16, 24; 38:7. Jn 7:51.

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