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Proverbs 31:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; Nor for princes [to say], Where is strong drink?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It is not for kings, O Lemuel, It is not for kings to drink wine, Or for rulers to desire strong drink,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— It is not for kings, Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, nor for rulers [to say], Where is the strong drink?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, nor, for dignitaries, to desire strong drink,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Not for kings, O Lemuel, Not for kings, to drink wine, And for princes a desire of strong drink.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Give not to kings, O Lamuel, give not wine to kings: because there is no secret where drunkenness reigneth:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— It [is] not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drinke wine, nor for Princes, strong drinke:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Princes are prone to anger: let them then not drink wine:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[It is] not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
for kings, 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
O Lml לְמוּאֵל, 3927
{3927} Prime
לְמוּאֵל
L@muw'el
{lem-oo-ale'}
From H3926 and H0410; (belonging) to God; Lemuel or Lemoel, a symbolical name of Solomon.
[it is] not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
for kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
to drink 8354
{8354} Prime
שָׁתָה
shathah
{shaw-thaw'}
A primitive root; to imbibe (literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
wine; 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
nor x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
for y335
[0335] Standard
אֵי
'ay
{ah'ee}
Perhaps from H0370; where? hence how?.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
y176
[0176] Standard
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
princes 7336
{7336} Prime
רָזַן
razan
{raw-zan'}
A primitive root; probably to be heavy, that is, (figuratively) honorable.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
strong drink: 7941
{7941} Prime
שֵׁכָר
shekar
{shay-kawr'}
From H7937; an intoxicant, that is, intensely alcoholic liquor.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:3-9.


Proverbs 31:4-5

_ _ Stimulants enfeeble reason, pervert the heart, and do not suit rulers, who need clear and steady minds, and well-governed affections (compare Proverbs 20:1; Proverbs 22:29).

_ _ pervert ... afflicted — They give unrighteous decisions against the poor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 31:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 31:4

To drink — To excess.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 31:4

[It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes (e) strong drink:

(e) That is, the king must not give himself to wantonness, and neglect of his office, which is to execute judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 10:9-10 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: [it shall be] a statute for ever throughout your generations: ... And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;
1 Kings 20:12 And it came to pass, when [Benhadad] heard this message, as he [was] drinking, he and the kings in the pavilions, that he said unto his servants, Set [yourselves in array]. And they set [themselves in array] against the city.
1 Kings 20:16-20 And they went out at noon. But Benhadad [was] drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings that helped him. ... And they slew every one his man: and the Syrians fled; and Israel pursued them: and Benhadad the king of Syria escaped on an horse with the horsemen.
Esther 3:15 The posts went out, being hastened by the king's commandment, and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink; but the city Shushan was perplexed.
Ecclesiastes 10:17 Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
Isaiah 28:7-8 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble [in] judgment. ... For all tables are full of vomit [and] filthiness, [so that there is] no place [clean].
Daniel 5:2-4 Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein. ... They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Hosea 4:11-12 Whoredom and wine and new wine take away the heart. ... My people ask counsel at their stocks, and their staff declareth unto them: for the spirit of whoredoms hath caused [them] to err, and they have gone a whoring from under their God.
Hosea 7:3-5 They make the king glad with their wickedness, and the princes with their lies. ... In the day of our king the princes have made [him] sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
Habakkuk 2:5 Yea also, because he transgresseth by wine, [he is] a proud man, neither keepeth at home, who enlargeth his desire as hell, and [is] as death, and cannot be satisfied, but gathereth unto him all nations, and heapeth unto him all people:
Mark 6:21-28 And when a convenient day was come, that Herod on his birthday made a supper to his lords, high captains, and chief [estates] of Galilee; ... And brought his head in a charger, and gave it to the damsel: and the damsel gave it to her mother.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 10:9. 1K 20:12, 16. Es 3:15. Ec 10:17. Is 28:7. Dn 5:2. Ho 4:11; 7:3. Hab 2:5. Mk 6:21.

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