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Proverbs 30:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For an odious woman when she is married; And a handmaid that is heir to her mistress.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For an odious [woman] when she is married; and an handmaid that is heir to her mistress.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Under an unloved woman when she gets a husband, And a maidservant when she supplants her mistress.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For an odious [woman] when she is married; and a handmaid that is heir to her mistress.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— under an odious [woman] when she is married, and a handmaid when she is heir to her mistress.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Under a hateful woman, when she is married, and a handmaid when she driveth out her mistress.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For a hated one when she ruleth, And a maid-servant when she succeedeth her mistress.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By an odious woman when she is married: and by a bondwoman when she is heir to her mistress.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For an odious [woman] when shee is married, and an handmayd that is heire to her mistresse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— or if a maid-servant should cast out her own mistress; and if a hateful woman should marry a good man.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For an odious [woman] when she is married; and an handmaid that is heir to her mistress.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
an odious 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[woman] when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
she is married; 1166
{1166} Prime
בּעל
ba`al
{baw-al'}
A primitive root; to be master; hence (as denominative from H1167) to marry.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and an handmaid 8198
{8198} Prime
שִׁפְחָה
shiphchah
{shif-khaw'}
Feminine from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family; see H4940); a female slave (as a member of the household).
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
is heir 3423
{3423} Prime
יָרַשׁ
yarash
{yaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to occupy (be driving out previous tenants, and possessing in their place); by implication to seize, to rob, to inherit; also to expel, to impoverish, to ruin.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to her mistress. 1404
{1404} Prime
גְּבֶרֶת
g@bereth
{gheb-eh'-reth}
Feminine of H1376; mistress.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 30:21-23.


Proverbs 30:23

_ _ heir ... mistress — that is, takes her place as a wife (Genesis 16:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 30:18-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 30:23

An odious — Proud, and perverse. Married — For then she displays all those ill humours, which before, she concealed. Is heir — Which great and sudden change transports her beside herself, and makes her insufferably proud and scornful.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 30:23

For an odious [woman] when she is married; and an handmaid that is (m) heir to her mistress.

(m) Who is married to her master after the death of her mistress.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an odious:

Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son [is] the calamity of his father: and the contentions of a wife [are] a continual dropping.
Proverbs 21:9 [It is] better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman in a wide house.
Proverbs 21:19 [It is] better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman.
Proverbs 27:15 A continual dropping in a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike.

an handmaid:

Proverbs 29:21 He that delicately bringeth up his servant from a child shall have him become [his] son at the length.
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