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Proverbs 30:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Slander not a servant unto his master, Lest he curse thee, and thou be held guilty.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not slander a slave to his master, Or he will curse you and you will be found guilty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Accuse not a servant to his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Speak not too much about a servant to his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be held guilty.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not slander a servant to his master, lest he revile thee, and thou be found guilty.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Accuse not a servant unto his lord, Lest he disesteem thee, and thou be found guilty.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Accuse not a servant to his master, lest he curse thee, and thou fall.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Accuse not a seruant vnto his master; lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Deliver not a servant into the hands of his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be utterly destroyed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Accuse not a servant unto his adon, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Accuse 3960
{3960} Prime
לָשַׁן
lashan
{law-shan'}
A primitive root; properly to lick; but used only as a denominative from H3956; to wag the tongue, that is, to calumniate.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
a servant 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
his n אֲדוֹן, 113
{0113} Prime
אָדוֹן
'adown
{aw-done'}
From an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, that is, controller (human or divine).
lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
he curse 7043
{7043} Prime
קָלַל
qalal
{kaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
thee, and thou be found guilty. 816
{0816} Prime
אָשַׁם
'asham
{aw-sham'}
A primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 30:10

_ _ Accuse not — Slander not (Psalms 10:7).

_ _ curse ... guilty — lest, however lowly, he be exasperated to turn on thee, and your guilt be made to appear.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 30:10-14

_ _ Here is, I. A caution not to abuse other people's servants any more than our own, nor to make mischief between them and their masters, for it is an ill office, invidious, and what will make a man odious, Proverbs 30:10. Consider, 1. It is an injury to the servant, whose poor condition makes him an object of pity, and therefore it is barbarous to add affliction to him that is afflicted: Hurt not a servant with thy tongue (so the margin reads it); for it argues a sordid disposition to smite any body secretly with the scourge of the tongue, especially a servant, who is not a match for us, and whom we should rather protect, if his master be severe with him, than exasperate him more. 2. “It will perhaps be an injury to thyself. If a servant be thus provoked, perhaps he will curse thee, will accuse thee and bring thee into trouble, or give thee an ill word and blemish thy reputation, or appeal to God against thee, and imprecate his wrath upon thee, who is the patron and protector of oppressed innocency.”

_ _ II. An account, upon occasion of this caution, of some wicked generations of men, that are justly abominable to all that are virtuous and good. 1. Such as are abusive to their parents, give them bad language and wish them ill, call them bad names and actually injure them. There is a generation of such; young men of that black character commonly herd together, and irritate one another against their parents. A generation of vipers those are who curse their natural parents, or their magistrates, or their ministers, because they cannot endure the yoke; and those are near of kin to them who, though they have not yet arrived at such a pitch of wickedness as to curse their parents, yet do not bless them, cannot give them a good word, and will not pray for them. 2. Such as are conceited of themselves, and, under a show and pretence of sanctity, hide from others, and perhaps from themselves too, abundance of reigning wickedness in secret (Proverbs 30:12); they are pure in their own eyes, as if they were in all respects such as they should be. They have a very good opinion of themselves and their own character, that they are not only righteous, but rich and increased with goods (Revelation 3:17), and yet are not cleansed from their filthiness, the filthiness of their hearts, which they pretend to be the best part of them. They are, it may be, swept and garnished, but they are not washed, nor sanctified; as the Pharisees that within were full of all uncleanness, Matthew 23:25, Matthew 23:26. 3. Such as are haughty and scornful to those about them, Proverbs 30:13. He speaks of them with amazement at their intolerable pride and insolence: “Oh how lofty are their eyes! With what disdain do they look upon their neighbours, as not worthy to be set with the dogs of their flock! What a distance do they expect every body should keep; and, when they look upon themselves, how do they strut and vaunt like the peacock, thinking they make themselves illustrious when really they make themselves ridiculous!” There is a generation of such, on whom he that resists the proud will pour contempt. 4. Such as are cruel to the poor and barbarous to all that lie at their mercy (Proverbs 30:14); their teeth are iron and steel, swords and knives, instruments of cruelty, with which they devour the poor with the greatest pleasure imaginable, and as greedily as hungry men cut their meat and eat it. God has so ordered it that the poor we shall always have with us, that they shall never cease out of the land; but there are those who, because they hate to relieve them, would, if they could, abolish them from the earth, from among men, especially God's poor. Some understand it of those who wound and ruin others by slanders and false accusations, and severe censures of their everlasting state; their tongues, and their teeth too (which are likewise organs of speech), are as swords and knives, Psalms 57:4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 30:10

Accuse not — Without sufficient cause: for otherwise, in some cases this may be a duty. Curse thee — Desire God to punish thee. Guilty — By God, who is ready to plead the cause of the afflicted.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 30:10

Accuse not a servant to his master, lest he curse thee, (g) and thou be found guilty.

(g) In accusing him without cause.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Accuse not:
Heb. Hurt not with thy tongue,
Proverbs 24:23 These [things] also [belong] to the wise. [It is] not good to have respect of persons in judgment.
Deuteronomy 23:15 Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:
1 Samuel 22:9-10 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. ... And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
1 Samuel 24:9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?
1 Samuel 26:19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if [they be] the children of men, cursed [be] they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.
1 Samuel 30:15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.
2 Samuel 16:1-4 And when David was a little past the top [of the hill], behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred [loaves] of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine. ... Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine [are] all that [pertained] unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee [that] I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.
2 Samuel 19:26-27 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant [is] lame. ... And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king [is] as an angel of God: do therefore [what is] good in thine eyes.
Daniel 3:8-18 Wherefore at that time certain Chaldeans came near, and accused the Jews. ... But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
Daniel 6:13 Then answered they and said before the king, That Daniel, which [is] of the children of the captivity of Judah, regardeth not thee, O king, nor the decree that thou hast signed, but maketh his petition three times a day.
Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast [them] into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den.
Romans 14:4 Who art thou that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.

lest:

Proverbs 11:26 He that withholdeth corn, the people shall curse him: but blessing [shall be] upon the head of him that selleth [it].
Proverbs 24:24 He that saith unto the wicked, Thou [art] righteous; him shall the people curse, nations shall abhor him:
Proverbs 28:27 He that giveth unto the poor shall not lack: but he that hideth his eyes shall have many a curse.
Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
2 Chronicles 24:22-24 Thus Joash the king remembered not the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but slew his son. And when he died, he said, The LORD look upon [it], and require [it]. ... For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. So they executed judgment against Joash.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 15:9; 23:15. 1S 22:9; 24:9; 26:19; 30:15. 2S 16:1; 19:26. 2Ch 24:22. Pv 11:26; 24:23, 24; 28:27. Dn 3:8; 6:13, 24. Ro 14:4.

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