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Proverbs 3:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Envy thou not the man of violence, And choose none of his ways.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not envy a man of violence And do not choose any of his ways.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Envy not the man of violence, and choose none of his ways.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Do not thou envy the man of violence, neither choose thou any of his ways;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Be not envious of a man of violence, Nor fix thou on any of his ways.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Envy not the unjust man, and do not follow his ways.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Enuie thou not the oppressour, and choose none of his wayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Procure not the reproaches of bad men, neither do thou covet their ways.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Envy 7065
{7065} Prime
קָנָא
qana'
{kaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) zealous, that is, (in a bad sense) jealous or envious.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
thou not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
the oppressor, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
2555
{2555} Prime
חָמָס
chamac
{khaw-mawce'}
From H2554; violence; by implication wrong; by metonymy unjust gain.
and choose 977
{0977} Prime
בָּחַר
bachar
{baw-khar'}
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
none x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of his ways. 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 3:31

_ _ oppressor — or man of mischief. The destiny of successful evildoers warns against desiring their lot (Psalms 37:1, Psalms 37:2, Psalms 37:35, Psalms 37:36).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 3:27-35.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 3:31

Envy not — For his impunity and success.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 3:31

(o) Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways.

(o) Do not wish to be like him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Envy:

Proverbs 23:17 Let not thine heart envy sinners: but [be thou] in the fear of the LORD all the day long.
Proverbs 24:1 Be not thou envious against evil men, neither desire to be with them.
Proverbs 24:19-20 Fret not thyself because of evil [men], neither be thou envious at the wicked; ... For there shall be no reward to the evil [man]; the candle of the wicked shall be put out.
Psalms 37:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.
Psalms 37:7-9 Rest in the LORD, and wait patiently for him: fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked devices to pass. ... For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that wait upon the LORD, they shall inherit the earth.
Psalms 73:3 For I was envious at the foolish, [when] I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
Galatians 5:21 Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told [you] in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.

the oppressor:
Heb. a man of violence,
Ecclesiastes 5:8 If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for [he that is] higher than the highest regardeth; and [there be] higher than they.

choose:

Proverbs 1:15-18 My son, walk not thou in the way with them; refrain thy foot from their path: ... And they lay wait for their [own] blood; they lurk privily for their [own] lives.
Proverbs 2:12-15 To deliver thee from the way of the evil [man], from the man that speaketh froward things; ... Whose ways [are] crooked, and [they] froward in their paths:
Proverbs 12:12 The wicked desireth the net of evil [men]: but the root of the righteous yieldeth [fruit].
Proverbs 22:22-25 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 37:1, 7; 73:3. Pv 1:15; 2:12; 12:12; 22:22; 23:17; 24:1, 19. Ec 5:8. Ga 5:21.

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