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Proverbs 29:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The king by justice establisheth the land; But he that exacteth gifts overthroweth it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The king gives stability to the land by justice, But a man who takes bribes overthrows it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A king by just judgment establisheth the land; but he that taketh gifts overthroweth it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A king, by justice, shall establish a land,—but, a man open to bribes, bringeth it to ruin.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A king by judgment establisheth a land, And one receiving gifts throweth it down.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A just king setteth up the land: a covetous man shall destroy it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The king by iudgement stablisheth the land: but he that receiueth gifts, ouerthroweth it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A righteous king establishes a country: but a transgressor destroys [it].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
by judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
establisheth 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the land: 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
but he 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that receiveth gifts 8641
{8641} Prime
תְּרוּמָה
t@ruwmah
{ter-oo-maw'}
(The second form used in Deuteronomy 12:11); from H7311; a present (as offered up), especially in sacrifice or as tribute.
overthroweth 2040
{2040} Prime
הָרַס
harac
{haw-ras'}
A primitive root; to pull down or in pieces, break, destroy.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 29:4

_ _ by judgment — that is, righteous decisions, opposed to those procured by gifts (compare Proverbs 28:21), by which good government is perverted.

_ _ land — for nation.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 29:4

_ _ Here is, 1. The happiness of a people under a good government. The care and business of a prince should be to establish the land, to maintain its fundamental laws, to settle the minds of his subjects and make them easy, to secure their liberties and properties from hostilities and for posterity, and to set in order the things that are wanting; this he must do by judgment, by wise counsels, and by the steady administration of justice, without respect of persons, which will have these good effects. 2. The misery of a people under a bad government: A man of oblations (so it is in the margin) overthrows the land; a man that is either sacrilegious or superstitious, or that invades the priest's office, as Saul and Uzziah — or a man that aims at nothing but getting money, and will, for a good bribe, connive at the most guilty, and, in hope of one, persecute the innocent — such governors as these will ruin a country.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 29:4

Judgment — By the free and impartial exercise of justice. Gifts — Bribes.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
king:

Proverbs 29:14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
Proverbs 16:12 [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.
Proverbs 20:8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
1 Samuel 13:13 And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
2 Samuel 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
1 Kings 2:12 Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly.
Psalms 89:14 Justice and judgment [are] the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 49:8 Thus saith the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard thee, and in a day of salvation have I helped thee: and I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, to establish the earth, to cause to inherit the desolate heritages;

he that receiveth gifts:
Heb. a man of oblations,
2 Kings 15:18-20 And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. ... And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, [even] of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land.
Jeremiah 22:13-17 Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; [that] useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work; ... But thine eyes and thine heart [are] not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do [it].
Daniel 11:20 Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes [in] the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
Micah 7:3 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asketh, and the judge [asketh] for a reward; and the great [man], he uttereth his mischievous desire: so they wrap it up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 13:13. 2S 8:15. 1K 2:12. 2K 15:18. Ps 89:14; 99:4. Pv 16:12; 20:8; 29:14. Is 9:7; 49:8. Jr 22:13. Dn 11:20. Mi 7:3.

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