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Proverbs 29:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The poor man and the oppressor meet together; Jehovah lighteneth the eyes of them both.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The poor and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD lighteneth both their eyes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The poor man and the oppressor have this in common: The LORD gives light to the eyes of both.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The poor and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD enlighteneth both their eyes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The indigent and the oppressor meet together; Jehovah lighteneth the eyes of them both.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The poor man and the man of usury, meet together, he that enlighteneth the eyes of them both, is Yahweh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The poor and the man of frauds have met together, Jehovah is enlightening the eyes of them both.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The poor man and the creditor have met one another: the Lord is the enlightener of them both.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The poore and the deceitful man meet together: the LORD lightneth both their eyes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— When the creditor and debtor meet together, the Lord oversees them both.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The poor and the deceitful man meet together: Yahweh lighteneth both their eyes.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The poor 7326
{7326} Prime
A primitive root; to be destitute.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the deceitful 8501
{8501} Prime
From an unused root meaning to dissever, that is, crush.
man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
meet together: 6298
{6298} Prime
A primitive root; to come in contact with, whether by accident or violence; figuratively to concur.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
lighteneth 215
{0215} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) luminous (literally and metaphorically).
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
both 8147
{8147} Prime
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
their eyes. 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 29:13

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 22:2).

_ _ deceitful man — literally, “man of vexations,” an exactor.

_ _ the Lord ... their eyes — sustains their lives (1 Samuel 14:27; Psalms 13:3); that is, both depend on Him, and He will do justice.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 29:13

_ _ This shows how wisely the great God serves the designs of his providence by persons of very different tempers, capacities, and conditions in the world, even, 1. By those that are contrary the one to the other. Some are poor and forced to borrow; others are rich, have a great deal of the mammon of unrighteousness (deceitful riches they are called), and they are creditors, or usurers, as it is in the margin. Some are poor, and honest, and laborious; others are rich, slothful, and deceitful. They meet together in the business of this world, and have dealings with one another, and the Lord enlightens both their eyes; he causes his sun to shine upon both and gives them both the comforts of this life. To some of both sorts he gives his grace. He enlightens the eyes of the poor by giving them patience, and of the deceitful by giving them repentance, as Zaccheus. 2. By those that we think could best be spared. The poor and the deceitful we are ready to look upon as blemishes of Providence, but God makes even them to display the beauty of Providence; he has wise ends not only in leaving the poor always with us, but in permitting the deceived and the deceiver, for both are his (Job 12:16) and turn to his praise.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the deceitful man:
or, the usurer,
Matthew 9:9 And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he saith unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him.
1 Corinthians 6:10 Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.


Proverbs 22:2 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD [is] the maker of them all.
Exodus 22:25-26 If thou lend money to [any of] my people [that is] poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury. ... If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:
Leviticus 25:35-37 And if thy brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with thee; then thou shalt relieve him: [yea, though he be] a stranger, or a sojourner; that he may live with thee. ... Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor lend him thy victuals for increase.
Nehemiah 5:5-7 Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards. ... Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them.


Psalms 13:3 Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
Matthew 5:45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
Ephesians 2:1 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:25. Lv 25:35. Ne 5:5. Ps 13:3. Pv 22:2. Mt 5:45; 9:9. 1Co 6:10. Ep 2:1.

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