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Proverbs 29:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The bloodthirsty hate him that is perfect; And as for the upright, they seek his life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The bloodthirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Men of bloodshed hate the blameless, But the upright are concerned for his life.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The blood-thirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The bloodthirsty hate the perfect, but the upright care for his soul.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Blood-thirsty men, hate the blameless man, and, as for the upright, they seek his life.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Men of blood hate the perfect, And the upright seek his soul.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Bloodthirsty men hate the upright: but just men seek his soul.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The bloodthirstie hate the vpright: but the iust seeke his soule.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Bloody men hate a holy [person], but the upright will seek his soul.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The bloodthirsty hate the upright: but the just seek his soul.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The bloodthirsty 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
hate 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the upright: 8535
{8535} Prime
תָּם
tam
{tawm}
From H8552; complete; usually (morally) pious; specifically gentle, dear.
but the just 3477
{3477} Prime
יָשָׁר
yashar
{yaw-shawr'}
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
his soul. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 29:10

_ _ bloodthirsty — (Compare Margin), murderers (Psalms 5:6; Psalms 26:9).

_ _ hate, etc. — (Proverbs 1:11; Genesis 3:4).

_ _ seek ... soul — that is, to preserve it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 29:10

_ _ Note, 1. Bad men hate their best friends: The blood-thirsty, all the seed of the old serpent, who was a murderer from the beginning, all that inherit his enmity against the seed of the woman, hate the upright; they seek the ruin of good men because they condemn the wicked world and witness against it. Christ told his disciples that they should be hated of all men. Bloody men do especially hate upright magistrates, who would restrain and reform them, and put the laws in execution against them, and so really do them a kindness. 2. Good men love their worst enemies: The just, whom the bloody men hate, seek their soul, pray for their conversion, and would gladly do any thing for their salvation. This Christ taught us. Father, forgive them. The just seek his soul, that is, the soul of the upright, whom the bloody hate (so it is commonly understood), seek to protect it from violence, and save it from, or avenge it at, the hands of the blood-thirsty.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 29:10

Seek — To preserve it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The bloodthirsty:
Heb. Men of bloods,
Genesis 4:5-8 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. ... And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
1 Samuel 20:31-33 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die. ... And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
1 Samuel 22:11-23 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that [were] in Nob: and they came all of them to the king. ... Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou [shalt be] in safeguard.
1 Kings 21:20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy? And he answered, I have found [thee]: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.
1 Kings 22:8 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
2 Chronicles 18:7 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, [There is] yet one man, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate him; for he never prophesied good unto me, but always evil: the same [is] Micaiah the son of Imla. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.
Mark 6:18-19 For John had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for thee to have thy brother's wife. ... Therefore Herodias had a quarrel against him, and would have killed him; but she could not:
Mark 6:24-27 And she went forth, and said unto her mother, What shall I ask? And she said, The head of John the Baptist. ... And immediately the king sent an executioner, and commanded his head to be brought: and he went and beheaded him in the prison,
John 15:18-19 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you. ... If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.
1 John 3:12-13 Not as Cain, [who] was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous. ... Marvel not, my brethren, if the world hate you.

but:

1 Samuel 15:11 It repenteth me that I have set up Saul [to be] king: for he is turned back from following me, and hath not performed my commandments. And it grieved Samuel; and he cried unto the LORD all night.
Jeremiah 13:15-17 Hear ye, and give ear; be not proud: for the LORD hath spoken. ... But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Jeremiah 18:20 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them, [and] to turn away thy wrath from them.
Jeremiah 40:14-16 And said unto him, Dost thou certainly know that Baalis the king of the Ammonites hath sent Ishmael the son of Nethaniah to slay thee? But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam believed them not. ... But Gedaliah the son of Ahikam said unto Johanan the son of Kareah, Thou shalt not do this thing: for thou speakest falsely of Ishmael.
Luke 23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.
John 5:34 But I receive not testimony from man: but these things I say, that ye might be saved.
Acts 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.
Romans 10:1 Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:5. 1S 15:11; 20:31; 22:11. 1K 21:20; 22:8. 2Ch 18:7. Jr 13:15; 18:20; 40:14. Mk 6:18, 24. Lk 23:34. Jn 5:34; 15:18. Ac 7:60. Ro 10:1. 1Jn 3:12.

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