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Proverbs 28:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; But by men of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the transgression of a land many [are] the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— By the transgression of a land many are its princes, But by a man of understanding [and] knowledge, so it endures.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the transgression of a land many [are] its princes: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— By the transgression of a land many are the princes thereof; but by a man of understanding [and] of knowledge, [its] stability is prolonged.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the transgressions of a land, many are the rulers thereof, but, under an intelligent and discerning man, stability is prolonged.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By the transgression of a land many [are] its heads. And by an intelligent man, Who knoweth right—it is prolonged.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the sins of the land many are the princes thereof: and for the wisdom of a man, and the knowledge of those things that are said, the life of the prince shall be prolonged.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the transgression of a land, many [are] the princes thereof: but by a man of vnderstanding [and] knowledge [the state thereof] shall bee prolonged.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— By reason of the sins of ungodly men quarrels arise; but a wise man will quell them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the transgression of a land many [are] the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For the transgression 6588
{6588} Prime
פֶּשַׁע
pesha`
{peh'-shah}
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious).
of a land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
[are] the princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
thereof: but by a man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
of understanding 995
{0995} Prime
בִּין
biyn
{bene}
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
[and] knowledge 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the state 3651
{3651} Prime
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
[thereof] shall be prolonged. 748
{0748} Prime
אָרַךְ
'arak
{aw-rak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) long (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:2

_ _ Anarchy producing contending rulers shortens the reign of each.

_ _ but by a man ... prolonged — or, “by a man of understanding — that is, a good ruler — he who knows or regards the right, that is, a good citizen, shall prolong (his days).” Good rulers are a blessing to the people. Bad government as a punishment for evil is contrasted with good as blessing to the good.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:2

_ _ Note, 1. National sins bring national disorders and the disturbance of the public repose: For the transgression of a land, and a general defection from God and religion to idolatry, profaneness, or immorality, many are the princes thereof, many at the same time pretending to the sovereignty and contending for it, by which the people are crumbled into parties and factions, biting and devouring one another, or many successively, in a little time, one cutting off another, as 1 Kings 16:8, etc., or soon cut off by the hand of God or of a foreign enemy, as 2 Kings 24:5, etc. As the people suffer for the sins of the prince,

Delirant reges, plectuntur Achivi
Kings play the madmen, and their people suffer for it,

_ _ so the government sometimes suffers for the sins of the people. 2. Wisdom will prevent or redress these grievances: By a man, that is, by a people, of understanding, that come again to themselves and their right mind, things are kept in a good order, or, if disturbed, brought back to the old channel again. Or, By a prince of understanding and knowledge, a privy-counsellor, or minister of state, that will restrain or suppress the transgression of the land, and take the right methods of healing the state thereof, the good estate of it will be prolonged. We cannot imagine what a great deal of service one wise man may do to a nation in a critical juncture.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 28:2

But — By a wise and good prince.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 28:2

For the transgression of a land (b) many [are] its princes: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge [its] state shall be prolonged.

(b) The state of the commonwealth is often changed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the transgression:

1 Kings 15:25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.
1 Kings 15:28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 16:8-29 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years. ... And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.
2 Kings 15:8-31 In the thirty and eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zachariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months. ... And the rest of the acts of Pekah, and all that he did, behold, they [are] written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
2 Chronicles 36:1-12 Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father's stead in Jerusalem. ... And he did [that which was] evil in the sight of the LORD his God, [and] humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet [speaking] from the mouth of the LORD.
Isaiah 3:1-7 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water, ... In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house [is] neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.
Hosea 13:11 I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took [him] away in my wrath.

but:

Genesis 45:5-8 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. ... So now [it was] not you [that] sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
2 Chronicles 32:20-26 And for this [cause] Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven. ... Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, [both] he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
Job 22:28-30 Thou shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto thee: and the light shall shine upon thy ways. ... He shall deliver the island of the innocent: and it is delivered by the pureness of thine hands.
Ecclesiastes 9:15 Now there was found in it a poor wise man, and he by his wisdom delivered the city; yet no man remembered that same poor man.
Isaiah 58:12 And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
Daniel 4:27 Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.

by a man:
etc. by men of understanding and wisdom shall they likewise be prolonged
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 45:5. 1K 15:25, 28; 16:8. 2K 15:8. 2Ch 32:20; 36:1. Jb 22:28. Ec 9:15. Is 3:1; 58:12. Dn 4:27. Ho 13:11.

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