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Proverbs 28:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread; But he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who tills his land will have plenty of food, But he who follows empty [pursuits] will have poverty in plenty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread; but he that followeth the worthless shall have poverty enough.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that tilleth his ground, shall have plenty of bread, but, he that pursueth empty-heads, shall have plenty of poverty.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is tilling his ground is satisfied [with] bread, And whoso is pursuing vanity, Is filled [with] poverty.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that tilleth his ground, shall be filled with bread: but he that followeth idleness, shall be filled with poverty.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that tilleth his land, shal haue plentie of bread: but he that followeth after vaine persons, shall haue pouerty enough.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He that tills his own land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that follows idleness shall have plenty of poverty.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of bread: but he that followeth after vain [persons] shall have poverty enough.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that tilleth 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
his land 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
shall have plenty 7646
{7646} Prime
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of bread: 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
but he that followeth 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
after vain 7386
{7386} Prime
רֵיק
reyq
{rake}
From H7324; empty; figuratively worthless.
[persons] shall have poverty x7389
(7389) Complement
רֵישׁ
reysh
{raysh}
From H7326; poverty.
enough. y7389
[7389] Standard
רֵישׁ
reysh
{raysh}
From H7326; poverty.
x7646
(7646) Complement
שָׂבַע
saba`
{saw-bah'}
A primitive root; to sate, that is, fill to satisfaction (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:19

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 10:4; Proverbs 20:4).

_ _ vain persons — idle, useless drones, implying that they are also wicked (Proverbs 12:11; Psalms 26:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:19

_ _ Note, 1. Those that are diligent in their callings take the way to live comfortably: He that tills his land, and tends his shop, and minds his business, whatever it is, he shall have plenty of bread, of that which is necessary for himself and his family and with which he may be charitable to the poor; he shall eat the labour of his hands. 2. Those that are idle, and careless, and company-keepers, though they indulge themselves in living (as they think) easily and pleasantly, they take the way to live miserably. He that has land and values himself upon that, but does not till it, but follows after vain persons, drinks with them, joins with them in their frolics and vain sports, and idles away his time with him, he shall have poverty enough, shall be satiated or replenished with poverty (so the word is); he takes those courses which lead so directly to it that he seems to court it, and he shall have his fill of it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that tilleth:

Proverbs 12:11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain [persons is] void of understanding.
Proverbs 14:4 Where no oxen [are], the crib [is] clean: but much increase [is] by the strength of the ox.
Proverbs 27:23-27 Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [and] look well to thy herds. ... And [thou shalt have] goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and [for] the maintenance for thy maidens.

but:

Proverbs 13:20 He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Proverbs 23:20-21 Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh: ... For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe [a man] with rags.
Judges 9:4 And they gave him threescore and ten [pieces] of silver out of the house of Baalberith, wherewith Abimelech hired vain and light persons, which followed him.
Luke 15:12-17 And the younger of them said to [his] father, Father, give me the portion of goods that falleth [to me]. And he divided unto them [his] living. ... And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger!
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Jg 9:4. Pv 12:11; 13:20; 14:4; 23:20; 27:23. Lk 15:12.

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