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Proverbs 28:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A man that is laden with the blood of any person Shall flee unto the pit; let no man stay him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A man who is laden with the guilt of human blood Will be a fugitive until death; let no one support him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A man laden with the blood of [any] person, fleeth to the pit: let no man stay him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A man oppressed with a person's blood, unto a pit, shall flee, let them not hold him back.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A man oppressed with the blood of a soul, Unto the pit fleeth, none taketh hold on him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A man that doth violence to the blood of a person, if he flee even to the pit, no man will stay him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man that doth violence to the blood of any person, shall flie to the pit, let no man stay him.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He that becomes surety for a man charged with murder shall be an exile, and not in safety. Chasten thy son, and he shall love thee, and give honour to thy soul: he shall not obey a sinful nation.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man stay him.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that doeth violence 6231
{6231} Prime
עָשַׁק
`ashaq
{aw-shak'}
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
to the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
of [any] person 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
shall flee 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the pit; 953
{0953} Prime
בּוֹר
bowr
{bore}
From H0952 (in the sense of H0877); a pit hole (especially one used as a cistern or prison).
let no x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
man stay 8551
{8551} Prime
תָּמַךְ
tamak
{taw-mak'}
A primitive root; to sustain; by implication to obtain, keep fast; figuratively to help, follow close.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
him.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:17

_ _ doeth violence ... blood, etc. — or, that is oppressed by the blood of life (Genesis 9:6), which he has taken.

_ _ to the pit — the grave or destruction (Proverbs 1:12; Job 33:18-24; Psalms 143:7).

_ _ stay him — sustain or deliver him.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:17

_ _ This agrees with that ancient law, Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed (Genesis 9:6), and proclaims, 1. The doom of the shedder of blood. He that has committed murder, though he flees for his life, shall be continually haunted with terrors, shall himself flee to the pit, betray himself, and torment himself, like Cain, who, when he had killed his brother, became a fugitive and a vagabond, and trembled continually. 2. The duty of the avenger of blood, whether the magistrate or the next of kin, or whoever are concerned in making inquisition for blood, let them be close and vigorous in the prosecution, and let it not be bought off. Those that acquit the murderer, or do any thing to help him off, come in sharers in the guilt of blood; nor can the land be purged from blood but by the blood of him that shed it, Numbers 35:33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 28:17

Violence — That sheddeth any man's blood. Shall flee — Shall speedily be destroyed. Shall slay — None should desire or endeavour to save him from his deserved punishment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 28:17

A man that doeth violence to the blood of [any] person shall flee to the pit; let no man (i) sustain him.

(i) No one will be able to deliver him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 9:6 Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
Exodus 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.
Numbers 35:14-34 Ye shall give three cities on this side Jordan, and three cities shall ye give in the land of Canaan, [which] shall be cities of refuge. ... Defile not therefore the land which ye shall inhabit, wherein I dwell: for I the LORD dwell among the children of Israel.
1 Kings 21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.
1 Kings 21:23 And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel.
2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LORD. Now therefore take [and] cast him into the plat [of ground], according to the word of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 24:21-25 And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the LORD. ... And when they were departed from him, (for they left him in great diseases,) his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him on his bed, and he died: and they buried him in the city of David, but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings.
Matthew 27:4-5 Saying, I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said, What [is that] to us? see thou [to that]. ... And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.
Acts 28:4 And when the barbarians saw the [venomous] beast hang on his hand, they said among themselves, No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he hath escaped the sea, yet vengeance suffereth not to live.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 9:6. Ex 21:14. Nu 35:14. 1K 21:19, 23. 2K 9:26. 2Ch 24:21. Mt 27:4. Ac 28:4.

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