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Proverbs 28:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The prince that lacketh understanding is also a great oppressor; [But] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong his days.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The prince that wanteth understanding [is] also a great oppressor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A leader who is a great oppressor lacks understanding, [But] he who hates unjust gain will prolong [his] days.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The prince that wanteth understanding [is] also a great oppressor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The prince void of intelligence is also a great oppressor: he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A leader, may lack intelligence, yet abound in oppressions, The hater of greed, shall lengthen out days.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A leader lacking understanding multiplieth oppressions, Whoso is hating dishonest gain prolongeth days.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A prince void of prudence shall oppress many by calumny: but he that hateth covetousness, shall prolong his days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The prince that wanteth vnderstanding, [is] also a great oppressour: [but] he that hateth couetousnesse, shall prolong [his] dayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A king in need of revenues is a great oppressor: but he that hates injustice shall live a long time.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The prince that wanteth understanding [is] also a great oppressor: [but] he that hateth covetousness shall prolong [his] days.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The prince 5057
{5057} Prime
נָגִיד
nagiyd
{naw-gheed'}
From H5046; a commander (as occupying the front), civil, military or religious; generally (abstract plural), honorable themes.
that wanteth 2638
{2638} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
From H2637; lacking; hence without.
understanding 8394
{8394} Prime
תָּבוּן
tabuwn
{taw-boon'}
The second and third forms being feminine; from H0995; intelligence; by implication an argument; by extension caprice.
[is] also a great 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
oppressor: 4642
{4642} Prime
מַעֲשַׁקָּה
ma`ashaqqah
{mah-ash-ak-kaw'}
From H6231; oppression.
[but] he that hateth 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
covetousness 1215
{1215} Prime
בֶּצַע
betsa`
{beh'-tsah}
From H1214; plunder; by extension gain (usually unjust).
shall prolong 748
{0748} Prime
אָרַךְ
'arak
{aw-rak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) long (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[his] days. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:16

_ _ The prince ... understanding — that is, He does not perceive that oppression jeopards his success. Covetousness often produces oppression, hence the contrast.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:16

_ _ Two things are here intimated to be the causes of the mal-administration of princes: — 1. The love of money, that root of all evil; for hating covetousness here stands opposed to oppression, according to Moses's character of good magistrates, men fearing God and hating covetousness (Exodus 18:21), not only not being covetous, but hating it, and shaking the hands from the holding of bribes. A ruler that is covetous will neither do justly nor love mercy, but the people under him shall be bought and sold. 2. Want of consideration: He that hates covetousness shall prolong his government and peace, shall be happy in the affections of his people and the blessing of his God. It is as much the interest as the duty of princes to reign in righteousness. Oppressors therefore and tyrants are the greatest fools in the world; they want understanding; they do not consult their own honour, ease, and safety, but sacrifice all to their ambition of an absolute and arbitrary power. They might be much happier in the hearts of their subjects than in their necks or estates.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 28:16

Oppressor — The tyranny of a prince, is a manifest sign of folly. Prolong — By God's favour, the peace and satisfaction of his own mind, and the hearty love of his people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
prince:

1 Kings 12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou [it] lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little [finger] shall be thicker than my father's loins.
1 Kings 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father [also] chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that [had been] before me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread and wine, beside forty shekels of silver; yea, even their servants bare rule over the people: but so did not I, because of the fear of God.
Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of [such as were] oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors [there was] power; but they had no comforter.
Isaiah 3:12 [As for] my people, children [are] their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause [thee] to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.

he that:

Exodus 18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place [such] over them, [to be] rulers of thousands, [and] rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:
Isaiah 33:15-16 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil; ... He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.
Jeremiah 22:15-17 Shalt thou reign, because thou closest [thyself] in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, [and] then [it was] well with him? ... But thine eyes and thine heart [are] not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do [it].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 18:21. 1K 12:10, 14. Ne 5:15. Ec 4:1. Is 3:12; 33:15. Jr 22:15. Am 4:1.

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