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Proverbs 28:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Happy is the man that feareth alway; But he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Happy [is] the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— How blessed is the man who fears always, But he who hardens his heart will fall into calamity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Happy [is] the man that feareth always: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Happy is the man that feareth always; but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How happy the man who is ever circumspect, whereas, he that hardeneth his heart, shall fall into calamity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— O the happiness of a man fearing continually, And whoso is hardening his heart falleth into evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed is the man that is always fearful: but he that is hardened in mind shall fall into evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Happy [is] the man that feareth always: but he that hardeneth his heart, shall fall into mischiefe.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Blessed is the man who religiously fears always: but the hard of heart shall fall into mischiefs.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Happy [is] the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Happy 835
{0835} Prime
אֶשֶׁר
'esher
{eh'-sher}
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[is] the man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that feareth 6342
{6342} Prime
פָּחַד
pachad
{paw-kkad'}
A primitive root; to be startled (by a sudden alarm); hence to fear in general.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
alway: 8548
{8548} Prime
תָּמִיד
tamiyd
{taw-meed'}
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially constantly); elliptically the regular (daily) sacrifice.
but he that hardeneth 7185
{7185} Prime
קָשָׁה
qashah
{kaw-shaw'}
A primitive root; properly to be dense, that is, tough or severe (in various applications).
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
his heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
shall fall 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into mischief. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:14

_ _ feareth — that is, God, and so repents.

_ _ hardeneth his heart — makes himself insensible to sin, and so will not repent (Proverbs 14:16; Proverbs 29:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:14

_ _ Here is, 1. The benefit of a holy caution. It sounds strangely, but it is very true: Happy is the man that feareth always. Most people think that those are happy who never fear; but there is a fear which is so far from having torment in it that it has in it the greatest satisfaction. Happy is the man who always keeps up in his mind a holy awe and reverence of God, his glory, goodness, and government, who is always afraid of offending God and incurring his displeasure, who keeps conscience tender and has a dread of the appearance of evil, who is always jealous of himself, distrustful of his own sufficiency, and lives in expectation of troubles and changes, so that, whenever they come, they are no surprise to him. He who keeps up such a fear as this will live a life of faith and watchfulness, and therefore happy is he, blessed and holy. 2. The danger of a sinful presumption: He that hardens his heart, that mocks at fear, and sets God and his judgments at defiance, and receives not the impressions of his word or rod, shall fall into mischief; his presumption will be his ruin, and whatever sin (which is the greatest mischief) he falls into it is owing to the hardness of his heart.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 28:14

Alway — In all times, companies, and conditions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 28:14

Happy [is] the man that (g) feareth always: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.

(g) Which stands in awe of God, and is afraid to offend him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Happy:

Proverbs 23:17 Let not thine heart envy sinners: but [be thou] in the fear of the LORD all the day long.
Psalms 2:11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
Psalms 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Psalms 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Jeremiah 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not turn away from them, to do them good; but I will put my fear in their hearts, that they shall not depart from me.
Romans 11:20 Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith. Be not highminded, but fear:
Hebrews 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:

but:

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardeneth [his] neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
Exodus 7:22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said.
Exodus 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, [even] all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
Job 9:4 [He is] wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened [himself] against him, and hath prospered?
Romans 2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 7:22; 14:23. Jb 9:4. Ps 2:11; 16:8; 112:1. Pv 23:17; 29:1. Is 66:2. Jr 32:40. Ro 2:4; 11:20. He 4:1. 1P 1:17.

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