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Proverbs 28:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth; But the righteous are bold as a lion.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The wicked flee when no one is pursuing, But the righteous are bold as a lion.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth; but the righteous are bold as a lion.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The lawless, fleeth when no man pursueth, but, the righteous, like a lion, are confident.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The wicked have fled and there is no pursuer. And the righteous as a young lion is confident.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wicked man fleeth, when no man pursueth: but the just, bold as a lion, shall be without dread.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bolde as a lyon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The ungodly [man] flees when no one pursues: but the righteous is confident as a lion.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
flee 5127
{5127} Prime
נוּס
nuwc
{noos}
A primitive root; to flit, that is, vanish away (subside, escape; causatively chase, impel, deliver).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
when no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
man pursueth: 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
but the righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
are bold 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
as a lion. 3715
{3715} Prime
כְּפִיר
k@phiyr
{kef-eer'}
From H3722; a village (as covered in by walls); also a young lion (perhaps as covered with a mane).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 28:1

_ _ A bad conscience makes men timid; the righteous are alone truly bold (Proverbs 14:26; Psalms 27:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 28:1

_ _ See here, 1. What continual frights those are subject to that go on in wicked ways. Guilt in the conscience makes men a terror to themselves, so that they are ready to flee when none pursues; like one that absconds for debt, who thinks every one he meets a bailiff. Though they pretend to be easy, there are secret fears which haunt them wherever they go, so that they fear where no present or imminent danger is, Psalms 53:5. Those that have made God their enemy, and know it, cannot but see the whole creation at war with them, and therefore can have no true enjoyment of themselves, no confidence, no courage, but a fearful looking for of judgment. Sin makes men cowards.

Degeneres animos timor arguit
Fear argues a degenerate soul.
— Virgil
Quos diri conscia facti mens habet attonitos
The consciousness of atrocious crimes astonishes
and confounds.
— Juvenal

_ _ If they flee when none pursues, what will they do when they shall see God himself pursuing them with his armies? Job 20:24; Job 15:24. See Deuteronomy 28:25; Leviticus 26:36. 2. What a holy security and serenity of mind those enjoy who keep conscience void of offence and so keep themselves in the love of God: The righteous are bold as a lion, as a young lion; in the greatest dangers they have a God of almighty power to trust to. Therefore will not we fear though the earth be removed. Whatever difficulties they meet with in the way of their duty, they are not daunted by them. None of those things move me.

Hie murus aheneus esto, nil conscire sibi
Be this thy brazen bulwark of defence,
Still to preserve thy conscious innocence.
— Hon.
John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 28:1

The wicked (a) flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

(a) Because their own conscience accuses them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wicked:

Leviticus 26:17 And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you.
Leviticus 26:36 And upon them that are left [alive] of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth.
Deuteronomy 28:7 The LORD shall cause thine enemies that rise up against thee to be smitten before thy face: they shall come out against thee one way, and flee before thee seven ways.
Deuteronomy 28:25 The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth.
2 Kings 7:6-7 For the Lord had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, [even] the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us. ... Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it [was], and fled for their life.
2 Kings 7:15 And they went after them unto Jordan: and, lo, all the way [was] full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians had cast away in their haste. And the messengers returned, and told the king.
Psalms 53:5 There were they in great fear, [where] no fear was: for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth [against] thee: thou hast put [them] to shame, because God hath despised them.
Isaiah 7:2 And it was told the house of David, saying, Syria is confederate with Ephraim. And his heart was moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind.
Jeremiah 20:4 For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold [it]: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.

the righteous:

Exodus 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.
Psalms 27:1-2 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] The LORD [is] my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? ... When the wicked, [even] mine enemies and my foes, came upon me to eat up my flesh, they stumbled and fell.
Psalms 46:2-3 Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; ... [Though] the waters thereof roar [and] be troubled, [though] the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah.
Psalms 112:7 He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed, trusting in the LORD.
Isaiah 26:3-4 Thou wilt keep [him] in perfect peace, [whose] mind [is] stayed [on thee]: because he trusteth in thee. ... Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH [is] everlasting strength:
Daniel 3:16-18 Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, answered and said to the king, O Nebuchadnezzar, we [are] not careful to answer thee in this matter. ... But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
Daniel 6:10-11 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime. ... Then these men assembled, and found Daniel praying and making supplication before his God.
Acts 4:13 Now when they saw the boldness of Peter and John, and perceived that they were unlearned and ignorant men, they marvelled; and they took knowledge of them, that they had been with Jesus.
Acts 14:3 Long time therefore abode they speaking boldly in the Lord, which gave testimony unto the word of his grace, and granted signs and wonders to be done by their hands.
1 Thessalonians 2:2 But even after that we had suffered before, and were shamefully entreated, as ye know, at Philippi, we were bold in our God to speak unto you the gospel of God with much contention.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 11:8. Lv 26:17, 36. Dt 28:7, 25. 2K 7:6, 15. Ps 27:1; 46:2; 53:5; 112:7. Is 7:2; 26:3. Jr 20:4. Dn 3:16; 6:10. Ac 4:13; 14:3. 1Th 2:2.

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The righteous one is Christ, the lion of Judah, let him live within you.
- GoldLions (7/7/2010 8:08:28 PM) [qBible.com]
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