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Proverbs 27:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [And] look well to thy herds:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [and] look well to thy herds.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Know well the condition of your flocks, [And] pay attention to your herds;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [and] look well to thy herds.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Be well acquainted with the appearance of thy flocks; look well to thy herds:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Note well, the appearance of thy flock, apply thy mind to thy herds;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Know well the face of thy flock, Set thy heart to the droves,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Be diligent to know the countenance of thy cattle, and consider thy own flocks:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Be thou diligent to knowe the state of thy flocks, [and] looke well to thy herds.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Do thou thoroughly know the number of thy flock, and pay attention to thine herds.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Be thou diligent to know the state of thy flocks, [and] look well to thy herds.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Be thou diligent y3045
[3045] Standard
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to know 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
the state 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
of thy flocks, 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
[and] look 7896
{7896} Prime
שִׁית
shiyth
{sheeth}
A primitive root; to place (in a very wide application).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
x3820
(3820) Complement
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
well y3820
[3820] Standard
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
to thy herds. 5739
{5739} Prime
עֵדֶר
`eder
{ay'-der}
From H5737; an arrangement, that is, muster (of animals).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 27:23-24

_ _ flocks — constituted the staple of wealth. It is only by care and diligence that the most solid possessions can be perpetuated (Proverbs 23:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 27:23-27

_ _ Here is, I. A command given us to be diligent in our callings. It is directed to husbandmen and shepherds, and those that deal in cattle, but it is to be extended to all other lawful callings; whatever our business is, within doors or without, we must apply our minds to it. This command intimates, 1. That we ought to have some business to do in this world and not to live in idleness. 2. We ought rightly and fully to understand our business, and know what we have to do, and not meddle with that which we do not understand. 3. We ought to have an eye to it ourselves, and not turn over all the care of it to others. We should, with our own eyes, inspect the state of our flocks, it is the master's eye that makes them fat. 4. We must be discreet and considerate in the management of our business, know the state of things, and look well to them, that nothing may be lost, no opportunity let slip, but every thing done in proper time and order, and so as to turn to the best advantage. 5. We must be diligent and take pains; not only sit down and contrive, but be up and doing: “Set thy heart to thy herds, as one in care; lay thy hands, lay thy bones, to thy business.”

_ _ II. The reasons to enforce this command. Consider,

_ _ 1. The uncertainty of worldly wealth (Proverbs 27:24): Riches are not for ever. (1.) Other riches are not so durable as these are: “Look well to thy flocks and herds, thy estate in the country and the stock upon that, for these are staple commodities, which, in a succession, will be for ever, whereas riches in trade and merchandise will not be so; the crown itself may perhaps not be so sure to thy family as thy flocks and herds.” (2.) Even these riches will go to decay if they be not well looked after. If a man had an abbey (as we say), and were slothful and wasteful, he might make an end of it. Even the crown and the revenues of it, if care be not taken, will suffer damage, nor will it continue to every generation without very good management. Though David had the crown entailed on his family, yet he looked well to his flocks, 1 Chronicles 27:29, 1 Chronicles 27:31.

_ _ 2. The bounty and liberality of nature, or rather of the God of nature, and his providence (Proverbs 27:25): The hay appears. In taking care of the flocks and herds, (1.) “There needs no great labour, no ploughing or sowing; the food for them is the spontaneous product of the ground; thou hast nothing to do but to turn them into it in the summer, when the grass shows itself, and to gather the herbs of the mountains for them against winter. God has done his part; thou art ungrateful to him, and unjustly refusest to serve his providence, if thou dost not do thine.” (2.) “There is an opportunity to be observed and improved, a time when the hay appears; but, if thou let slip that time, thy flocks and herds will fare the worse for it. As for ourselves, so for our cattle, we ought, with the ant, to provide meat in summer.”

_ _ 3. The profit of good husbandry in a family: “Keep thy sheep, and thy sheep will help to keep thee; thou shalt have food for thy children and servants, goats' milk enough (Proverbs 27:27); and enough is as good as a feast. Thou shalt have raiment likewise: the lambs' wool shall be for thy clothing. Thou shalt have money to pay thy rent; the goats thou shalt have to sell shall be the price of thy field;” nay, as some understand it, “Thou shalt become a purchaser, and buy land to leave to thy children,” (Proverbs 27:26). Note, (1.) If we have food and raiment, and wherewithal to give every body his own, we have enough, and ought to be not only content, but thankful. (2.) Masters of families must provide not only for themselves, but for their families, and see that their servants have a fitting maintenance. (3.) Plain food and plain clothing, if they be but competent, are all we should aim at. “Reckon thyself well done to if thou be clothed with home-spun cloth with the fleece of thy own lambs, and fed with goats' milk; let that serve for thy food which serves for the food of thy household and the maintenance of thy maidens. Be not desirous of dainties, far-fetched and dear-bought.” (4.) This should encourage us to be careful and industrious about our business, that that will bring in a sufficient maintenance for our families; we shall eat the labour of our hands.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 27:23

Flock — Flocks and herds are here put for all possessions, because anciently they were the chief part of a man's riches.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
diligent:

Genesis 31:38-40 This twenty years [have] I [been] with thee; thy ewes and thy she goats have not cast their young, and the rams of thy flock have I not eaten. ... [Thus] I was; in the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night; and my sleep departed from mine eyes.
Genesis 33:13 And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children [are] tender, and the flocks and herds with young [are] with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.
1 Samuel 17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab's anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle.
1 Chronicles 27:29-31 And over the herds that fed in Sharon [was] Shitrai the Sharonite: and over the herds [that were] in the valleys [was] Shaphat the son of Adlai: ... And over the flocks [was] Jaziz the Hagerite. All these [were] the rulers of the substance which [was] king David's.
2 Chronicles 26:10 Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen [also], and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he loved husbandry.
Ezekiel 34:22-24 Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle. ... And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken [it].
Ezekiel 34:31 And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, [are] men, [and] I [am] your God, saith the Lord GOD.
John 21:15-17 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... He saith unto him the third time, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
1 Peter 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight [thereof], not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;

look well:
Heb. set thy heart,
Proverbs 24:32 Then I saw, [and] considered [it] well: I looked upon [it, and] received instruction.
*marg.
Exodus 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also.
Deuteronomy 32:46 And he said unto them, Set your hearts unto all the words which I testify among you this day, which ye shall command your children to observe to do, all the words of this law.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 31:38; 33:13. Ex 7:23. Dt 32:46. 1S 17:28. 1Ch 27:29. 2Ch 26:10. Pv 24:32. Ezk 34:22, 31. Jn 21:15. 1P 5:2.

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This verse speaks of what an undershepered should know. That he ought to be diligent in his pastoral duty, discerning about the behavior and attitude of God's sheep yet very concern and caring for them.
- Ador cruz (11/11/2013 6:52:00 AM)
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