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Proverbs 27:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The refining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold; And a man is [tried] by his praise.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [As] the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so [is] a man to his praise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The crucible is for silver and the furnace for gold, And each [is tested] by the praise accorded him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [As] the fining-pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so [is] a man to his praise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The fining-pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold; so let a man be to the mouth that praiseth him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Fining pot for silver, and crucible for gold, and, a man, [is to be tried] by what he praiseth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A refining pot [is] for silver, and a furnace for gold, And a man according to his praise.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As silver is tried in the fining-pot, and gold in the furnace: so a man is tried by the mouth of him that praiseth. The heart of the wicked seeketh after evils, but the righteous heart seeketh after knowledge.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As the fining pot for siluer, and the furnace for gold: so [is] a man to his praise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Fire is the trial for silver and gold; and a man is tried by the mouth of them that praise him. The heart of the transgressor seeks after mischiefs; but an upright heart seeks knowledge.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [As] the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so [is] a man to his praise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[As] the fining pot 4715
{4715} Prime
מַצְרֵף
mitsreph
{mits-rafe'}
From H6884; a crucible.
for silver, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and the furnace 3564
{3564} Prime
כּוּר
kuwr
{koor}
From an unused root meaning properly to dig through; a pot or furnace (as if excavated).
for gold; 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
so [is] a man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
his praise. 4110
{4110} Prime
מַהֲלָל
mahalal
{mah-hal-awl'}
From H1984; fame.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 27:21

_ _ Praise tests character.

_ _ a man to his praise — according to his praise, as he bears it. Thus vain men seek it, weak men are inflated by it, wise men disregard it, etc.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 27:21

_ _ This gives us a touchstone by which we may try ourselves. Silver and gold are tried by putting them into the furnace and fining-pot; so is man tried by praising him. Let him be extolled and preferred, and then he will show himself what he is. 1. If a man be made, by the applause that is given him, proud, conceited, and scornful, — if he take the glory to himself which he should transmit to God, as Herod did, — if, the more he is praised, the more careless he is of what he says and does, — if he lie in bed till noon because his name is up, thereby it will appear that he is a vain foolish man, and a man who, though he be praised, has nothing in him truly praise-worthy. 2. If, on the contrary, a man is made by his praise more thankful to God, more respectful to his friends, more watchful against every thing that may blemish his reputation, more diligent to improve himself, and do good to others, that he may answer the expectations of his friends from him, by this it will appear that he is a wise and good man. He has a good temper of mind who knows how to pass by evil report and good report, and is still the same, 2 Corinthians 6:8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 27:21

To his praise — Or, according to his praise. So a man is tried by praise.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 27:21

[As] the refining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so [is] a man to his (i) praise.

(i) That is, he is either known to be ambitious and glorious, or humble and modest.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the fining:

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot [is] for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD trieth the hearts.
Psalms 12:6 The words of the LORD [are] pure words: [as] silver tried in a furnace of earth, purified seven times.
Psalms 66:10 For thou, O God, hast proved us: thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.
Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It [is] my people: and they shall say, The LORD [is] my God.
Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit [as] a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness.
1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
1 Peter 4:12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:

so:

1 Samuel 18:7-8 And the women answered [one another] as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. ... And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed [but] thousands: and [what] can he have more but the kingdom?
1 Samuel 18:15-16 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. ... But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
1 Samuel 18:30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, [that] David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
2 Samuel 14:25 But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
2 Samuel 15:6-12 And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel. ... And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 18:7, 15, 30. 2S 14:25; 15:6. Ps 12:6; 66:10. Pv 17:3. Zc 13:9. Mal 3:3. 1P 1:7; 4:12.

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