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Proverbs 26:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Fervent lips and a wicked heart Are [like] an earthen vessel overlaid with silver dross.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Burning lips and a wicked heart [are like] a potsherd covered with silver dross.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Like] an earthen vessel overlaid with silver dross Are burning lips and a wicked heart.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Burning lips and a wicked heart [are like] a potsherd covered with silver dross.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Ardent lips, and a wicked heart, are [as] an earthen vessel overlaid with silver dross.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Dross silver overlaid upon earthenware, so are burning lips, with a mischievous heart:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Silver of dross spread over potsherd, [Are] burning lips and an evil heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Swelling lips joined with a corrupt heart, are like an earthern vessel adorned with silver dross.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Burning lips, and a wicked heart, [are like] a potsheard couered with siluer drosse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Silver dishonestly given is to be considered as a potsherd: smooth lips cover a grievous heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Burning lips and a wicked heart [are like] a potsherd covered with silver dross.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Burning 1814
{1814} Prime
A primitive root; to flame (literally or figuratively).
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
lips 8193
{8193} Prime
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
and a wicked 7451
{7451} Prime
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
heart 3820
{3820} Prime
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
[are like] a potsherd 2789
{2789} Prime
A collateral form mediating between H2775 and H2791; a piece of pottery.
covered 6823
{6823} Prime
A primitive root (probably rather identical with H6822 through the idea of expansion in outlook transformed to act); to sheet over (especially with metal).
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
with silver 3701
{3701} Prime
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
dross. 5509
{5509} Prime
From H5472 in the sense of refuse; scoria.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 26:23

_ _ Warm professions can no more give value to insincerity than silver coating to rude earthenware.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 26:23

_ _ This may be meant either, 1. Of a wicked heart showing itself in burning lips, furious, passionate, outrageous words, burning in malice, and persecuting those to whom, or of whom, they are spoken; ill words and ill-will agree as well together as a potsherd and the dross of silver, which, now that the pot is broken and the dross separated from the silver, are fit to be thrown together to the dunghill. 2. Or of a wicked heart disguising itself with burning lips, burning with the professions of love and friendship, and even persecuting a man with flatteries; this is like a potsherd covered with the scum or dross of silver, with which one that is weak may be imposed upon, as if it were of some value, but a wise man is soon aware of the cheat. This sense agrees with the following verses.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 26:23

Burning — With malice or hatred: A slanderous or evil tongue. Dross — Such a tongue and heart are of no real worth, although sometimes they make a shew of it, as dross does of silver.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 26:23

Burning lips and (k) a wicked heart [are like] a potsherd covered with silver dross.

(k) They will soon break out and utter themselves.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
That is, ardent professions of friendship from a wicked heart, however smooth, shining, and splendid they may appear, are like a vile vessel covered over with base metal.
Proverbs 10:18 He that hideth hatred [with] lying lips, and he that uttereth a slander, [is] a fool.
2 Samuel 20:9-10 And Joab said to Amasa, [Art] thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. ... But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Ezekiel 33:31 And they come unto thee as the people cometh, and they sit before thee [as] my people, and they hear thy words, but they will not do them: for with their mouth they shew much love, [but] their heart goeth after their covetousness.
Luke 22:47-48 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. ... But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?
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2S 20:9. Pv 10:18. Ezk 33:31. Lk 22:47.

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