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Proverbs 26:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [As] an archer that woundeth all, So is he that hireth a fool and he that hireth them that pass by.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The great [God] that formed all [things] both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Like] an archer who wounds everyone, So is he who hires a fool or who hires those who pass by.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The great [God] that formed all [things] both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A master roughly worketh every one: he both hireth the fool and hireth passers-by.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [As] an archer who woundeth every thing, [so] one who hireth a dullard, and a drunkard crossing the sea.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Great [is] the Former of all, And He is rewarding a fool, And is rewarding transgressors.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Judgment determineth causes: and he that putteth a fool to silence, appeaseth anger.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The great [God] that formed all things, both rewardeth the foole, and rewardeth transgressours.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— All the flesh of fools endures much hardship; for their fury is brought to nought.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The great [God] that formed all [things] both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The great 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
[God] that formed 2342
{2342} Prime
חוּל
chuwl
{khool}
A primitive root; properly to twist or whirl (in a circular or spiral manner), that is, (specifically) to dance, to writhe in pain (especially of parturition) or fear; figuratively to wait, to pervert.
z8789
<8789> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 51
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[things] both rewardeth 7936
{7936} Prime
שָׂכַר
sakar
{saw-kar'}
The second form by permutation and used in Ezra 4:5; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to H3739 through the idea of temporary purchase; compare H7937); to hire.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the fool, 3684
{3684} Prime
כְּסִיל
k@ciyl
{kes-eel'}
From H3688; properly fat, that is, (figuratively) stupid or silly.
and rewardeth 7936
{7936} Prime
שָׂכַר
sakar
{saw-kar'}
The second form by permutation and used in Ezra 4:5; a primitive root (apparently akin (by prosthesis) to H3739 through the idea of temporary purchase; compare H7937); to hire.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
transgressors. 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 26:10

_ _ Various versions of this are proposed (compare Margin). Better perhaps — “Much He injures (or literally, “wounds”) all who reward,” etc., that is, society is injured by encouraging evil men.

_ _ transgressors — may be rendered “vagrants.” The word “God” is improperly supplied.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 26:10

_ _ Our translation gives this verse a different reading in the text and in the margin; and accordingly it expresses either, 1. The equity of a good God. The Master, or Lord (so Rab signifies), or, as we read it, The great God that formed all things at first, and still governs them in infinite wisdom, renders to every man according to his work. He rewards the fool, who sinned through ignorance, who knew not his Lord's will, with few stripes; and he rewards the transgressor, who sinned presumptuously and with a high hand, who knew his Lord's will and would not do it, with many stripes. Some understand it of the goodness of God's common providence even to fools and transgressors, on whom he causes his sun to shine and his rain to fall. Or, 2. The iniquity of a bad prince (so the margin reads it): A great man grieves all, and he hires the fool; he hires also the transgressors. When a wicked man gets power in his hand, by himself, and by the fools and knaves whom he employs under him, whom he hires and chooses to make use of, he grieves all who are under him and is vexatious to them. We should therefore pray for kings and all in authority, that, under them, our lives may be quiet and peaceable.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 26:10

Rewardeth — Will certainly give that recompence which is deserved by fools and transgressors, by such as sin either thro' ignorance, or wilfully.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 26:10

(f) The great [God] that formed all [things] both rewardeth the fool, and rewardeth transgressors.

(f) Meaning God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The great:
etc. or, A great man grieveth all; and he hireth the fool, he hireth also the transgressors.

both:

Proverbs 11:31 Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
Romans 2:6 Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
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Pv 11:31. Ro 2:6.

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