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Proverbs 25:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; And if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If your enemy is hungry, give him food to eat; And if he is thirsty, give him water to drink;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If thy enemy shall hunger, give him bread to eat; and if he shall thirst, give him water to drink:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If he that hateth thee hunger, give him bread to eat, and, if he be thirsty, give him water to drink;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If he who is hating thee doth hunger, cause him to eat bread, And if he thirst, cause him to drink water.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thy enemy be hungry, give him to eat: if he thirst, give him water to drink:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If thine enemie be hungry, giue him bread to eate: and if hee be thirstie, giue him water to drinke.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If thine enemy be hungry, give him bread to eat; and if he be thirsty, give him water to drink:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thine enemy 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
be hungry, 7457
{7457} Prime
רָעֵב
ra`eb
{raw-abe'}
From H7456; hungry (more or less intensely).
give him bread 3899
{3899} Prime
לֶחֶם
lechem
{lekh'-em}
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
to eat; 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
and if x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
he be thirsty, 6771
{6771} Prime
צָמֵא
tsame'
{tsaw-may'}
From H6770; thirsty (literally or figuratively).
give him water 4325
{4325} Prime
מַיִם
mayim
{mah'-yim}
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
to drink: 8248
{8248} Prime
שָׁקָה
shaqah
{shaw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to quaff, that is, (causatively) to irrigate or furnish a potion to.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 25:21-22

_ _ (Compare Matthew 5:44; Romans 12:20). As metals are melted by heaping coals upon them, so is the heart softened by kindness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 25:21-22

_ _ By this it appears that, however the scribes and Pharisees had corrupted the law, not only the commandment of loving our brethren, but even that of loving our enemies, was not only a new, but also an old commandment, an Old Testament commandment, though our Saviour has given it to us with the new enforcement of his own great example in loving us when we were enemies. Observe, 1. How we must express our love to our enemies by the real offices of kindness, even those that are expensive to ourselves and most acceptable to them: “If they be hungry and thirsty, instead of pleasing thyself with their distress and contriving how to cut off supplies from them, relieve them, as Elisha did the Syrians that came to apprehend him,” 2 Kings 6:22. 2. What encouragement we have to do so. (1.) It will be a likely means to win upon them, and bring them over to be reconciled to us; we shall mollify them as the refiner melts the metal in the crucible, not only by putting it over the fire, but by heaping coals of fire upon it. The way to turn an enemy into a friend is, to act towards him in a friendly manner. If it do not gain him, it will aggravate his sin and punishment, and heap the burning coals of God's wrath upon his head, as rejoicing in his calamity may be an occasion of God's turning his wrath from him, Proverbs 24:17. (2.) However, we shall be no losers by our self-denial: “Whether he relent towards thee or no, the Lord shall reward thee; he shall forgive thee who thus showest thyself to be of a forgiving spirit. He shall provide for thee when thou art in distress (though thou hast been evil and ungrateful), as thou dost for thy enemy; at least it shall be recompensed in the resurrection of the just, when kindnesses done to our enemies shall be remembered as well as those shown to God's friends.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 25:21

Bread — By bread and water he understands all things necessary for his subsistence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 24:17 Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:
Exodus 23:4-5 If thou meet thine enemy's ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again. ... If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.
Matthew 5:44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
Luke 10:33-36 But a certain Samaritan, as he journeyed, came where he was: and when he saw him, he had compassion [on him], ... Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves?
Romans 12:20-21 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. ... Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 23:4. Pv 24:17. Mt 5:44. Lk 10:33. Ro 12:20.

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