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Proverbs 25:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A man that beareth false witness against his neighbor Is a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour [is] a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [Like] a club and a sword and a sharp arrow Is a man who bears false witness against his neighbor.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man that beareth false witness against his neighbor [is] a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow, is a man that beareth false witness against his neighbour.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A hammer and a sword, and a sharpened arrow, is a man becoming a false witness against his neighbour.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow, [Is] the man testifying against his neighbour a false testimony.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour, is like a dart and a sword and a sharp arrow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man that beareth false witnes against his neighbour, [is] a maule, and a sword, and a sharpe arrow.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [As] a club, and a dagger, and a pointed arrow, so also is a man who bears false witness against his friend.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man that beareth false witness against his neighbour [is] a maul, and a sword, and a sharp arrow.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that beareth 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
false 8267
{8267} Prime
שֶׁקֶר
sheqer
{sheh'-ker}
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
witness 5707
{5707} Prime
עֵד
`ed
{ayd}
From H5749 contracted; concretely a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder, that is, prince.
against his neighbour 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
[is] a maul, 4650
{4650} Prime
מֵפִיץ
mephiyts
{may-feets'}
From H6327; a breaker, that is, mallet.
and a sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
and a sharp 8150
{8150} Prime
שָׁנַן
shanan
{shaw-nan'}
A primitive root; to point (transitively or intransitively); intensively to pierce; figuratively to inculcate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
arrow. 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 25:18

_ _ A false witness is as destructive to reputation, as such weapons to the body (Proverbs 24:28).

_ _ beareth ... witness — literally, “answereth questions,” as before a judge, against his neighbor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 25:18

_ _ Here, 1. The sin condemned is bearing false witness against our neighbour, either in judgment or in common conversation, contrary to the law of the ninth commandment. 2. That which it is here condemned for is the mischievousness of it; it is in its power to ruin not only men's reputation, but their lives, estates, families, all that is dear to them. A false testimony is every thing that is dangerous; it is a maul (or club to knock a man's brains out with), a flail, which there is no fence against; it is a sword to wound near at hand and a sharp arrow to wound at a distance; we have therefore need to pray, Deliver my soul, O Lord! from lying lips, Psalms 120:2.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 25:18

A sword — Is as cruel and pernicious as any instrument of death.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 12:18 There is that speaketh like the piercings of a sword: but the tongue of the wise [is] health.
Psalms 52:2 Thy tongue deviseth mischiefs; like a sharp razor, working deceitfully.
Psalms 55:21 [The words] of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war [was] in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet [were] they drawn swords.
Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Psalms 120:3-4 What shall be given unto thee? or what shall be done unto thee, thou false tongue? ... Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Psalms 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison [is] under their lips. Selah.
Jeremiah 9:3 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 9:8 Their tongue [is as] an arrow shot out; it speaketh deceit: [one] speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth his wait.
James 3:6 And the tongue [is] a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the tongue among our members, that it defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the course of nature; and it is set on fire of hell.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 52:2; 55:21; 57:4; 120:3; 140:3. Pv 12:18. Jr 9:3, 8. Jm 3:6.

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