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Proverbs 24:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I went by the field of the sluggard, And by the vineyard of the man void of understanding;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I passed by the field of the sluggard And by the vineyard of the man lacking sense,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I went by the field of a sluggard, and by the vineyard of a man void of understanding;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By the field of the sluggard, I passed, and by the vineyard of a man lacking sense;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Near the field of a slothful man I passed by, And near the vineyard of a man lacking heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I passed by the field of the slothful man, and by the vineyard of the foolish man:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I went by the field of the slouthfull, and by the vineyard of the man voyd of vnderstanding:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A foolish man is like a farm, and a senseless man is like a vineyard.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I went by the field of the slothful, and by the vineyard of the man void of understanding;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I went 5674
{5674} Prime
עָבַר
`abar
{aw-bar'}
A primitive root; to cross over; used very widely of any transition (literally or figuratively; transitively, intransitively, intensively or causatively); specifically to cover (in copulation).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
of the slothful, 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
6102
{6102} Prime
עָצֵל
`atsel
{aw-tsale'}
From H6101; indolent.
and by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the vineyard 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
of the man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
void 2638
{2638} Prime
חָסֵר
chacer
{khaw-sare'}
From H2637; lacking; hence without.
of understanding; 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 24:30-31

_ _ A striking picture of the effects of sloth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 24:30-34

_ _ Here is, 1. The view which Solomon took of the field and vineyard of the slothful man. He did not go on purpose to see it, but, as he passed by, observing the fruitfulness of the ground, as it is very proper for travellers to do, and his subjects' management of their land, as it is very proper for magistrates to do, he cast his eye upon a field and a vineyard unlike all the rest; for, though the soil was good, yet there was nothing growing in them but thorns and nettles, not here and there one, but they were all overrun with weeds; and, if there had been any fruit, it would have been eaten up by the beasts, for there was no fence: The stone-wall was broken down See the effects of that curse upon the ground (Genesis 3:18), “Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth unto thee, and nothing else unless thou take pains with it.” See what a blessing to the world the husbandman's calling is, and what a wilderness this earth, even Canaan itself, would be without it. The king himself is served of the field, but he would be ill served if God did not teach the husbandman discretion and diligence to clear the ground, plant it, sow it, and fence it. See what a great difference there is between some and others in the management even of their worldly affairs, and how little some consult their reputation, not caring though they proclaim their slothfulness, in the manifest effects of it, to all that pass by, shamed by their neighbour's diligence. 2. The reflections which he made upon it. He paused a little and considered it, looked again upon it, and received instruction. He did not break out into any passionate censures of the owner, did not call him any ill names, but he endeavoured himself to get good by the observation and to be quickened by it to diligence. Note, Those that are to give instruction to others must receive instruction themselves, and instruction may be received, not only from what we read and hear, but from what we see, not only from what we see of the works of God, but from what we see of the manners of man, not only from men's good manners, but from their evil manners. Plutarch relates a saying of Cato Major, “That wise men profit more by fools than fools by wise men; for wise men will avoid the faults of fools, but fools will not imitate the virtues of wise men.” Solomon reckoned that he received instruction by this sight, though it did not suggest to him any new notion or lesson, but only put him in mind of an observation he himself had formerly made, both of the ridiculous folly of the sluggard (who, when he has needful work to do, lies dozing in bed and cries, Yet a little sleep, a little slumber, and still it will be a little more, till he has slept his eyes out, and, instead of being fitted by sleep for business, as wise men are, he is dulled, and stupefied, and made good for nothing) and of certain misery that attends him: his poverty comes as one that travels; it is constantly coming nearer and nearer to him, and will be upon him speedily, and want seizes him as irresistibly as an armed man, a highwayman that will strip him of all he has. Now this is applicable, not only to our worldly business, to show what a scandalous thing slothfulness in that is, and how injurious to the family, but to the affairs of our souls. Note, (1.) Our souls are our fields and vineyards, which we are every one of us to take care of, to dress, and to keep. They are capable of being improved with good husbandry; that may be got out of them which will be fruit abounding to our account. We are charged with them, to occupy them till our Lord come; and a great deal of care and pains it is requisite that we should take about them. (2.) These fields and vineyards are often in a very bad state, not only no fruit brought forth, but all overgrown with thorns and nettles (scratching, stinging, inordinate lusts and passions, pride, covetousness, sensuality, malice, those are the thorns and nettles, the wild grapes, which the unsanctified heart produces), no guard kept against the enemy, but the stone-wall broken down, and all lies in common, all exposed. (3.) Where it is thus it is owing to the sinner's own slothfulness and folly. He is a sluggard, loves sleep, hates labour; and he is void of understanding, understands neither his business nor his interest; he is perfectly besotted. (4.) The issue of it will certainly be the ruin of the soul and all its welfare. It is everlasting want that thus comes upon it as an armed man. We know the place assigned to the wicked and slothful servant.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
went:

Proverbs 6:6-19 Go to the ant, thou sluggard; consider her ways, and be wise: ... A false witness [that] speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord among brethren.
Job 4:8 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.
Job 5:27 Lo this, we have searched it, so it [is]; hear it, and know thou [it] for thy good.
Job 15:17 I will shew thee, hear me; and that [which] I have seen I will declare;
Psalms 37:25 I have been young, and [now] am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.
Psalms 107:42 The righteous shall see [it], and rejoice: and all iniquity shall stop her mouth.
Ecclesiastes 4:1-8 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of [such as were] oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors [there was] power; but they had no comforter. ... There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yea, it [is] a sore travail.
Ecclesiastes 7:15 All [things] have I seen in the days of my vanity: there is a just [man] that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked [man] that prolongeth [his life] in his wickedness.
Ecclesiastes 8:9-11 All this have I seen, and applied my heart unto every work that is done under the sun: [there is] a time wherein one man ruleth over another to his own hurt. ... Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.

void:

Proverbs 10:13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod [is] for the back of him that is void of understanding.
Proverbs 12:11 He that tilleth his land shall be satisfied with bread: but he that followeth vain [persons is] void of understanding.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 4:8; 5:27; 15:17. Ps 37:25; 107:42. Pv 6:6; 10:13; 12:11. Ec 4:1; 7:15; 8:9.

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