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Proverbs 24:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, And let not thy heart be glad when he is overthrown;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Rejoice not when thy enemy falleth, and let not thy heart be glad when he stumbleth:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thy heart be glad when he stumbleth;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When thine enemy falleth, do not thou rejoice, and, when he stumbleth, let not thy heart exult:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the falling of thine enemy rejoice not, And in his stumbling let not thy heart be joyful,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When thy enemy shall fall, be not glad, and in his ruin let not thy heart rejoice:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Reioyce not when thine enemie falleth: and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thine enemy should fall, rejoice not over him, neither be elated at his overthrow.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be glad when he stumbleth:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Rejoice 8055
{8055} Prime
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
when thine enemy 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
falleth, 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and let not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
thine heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
be glad 1523
{1523} Prime
גִּיל
giyl
{gheel}
A primitive root; properly to spin around (under the influence of any violent emotion), that is, usually rejoice, or (as cringing) fear.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
when he stumbleth: 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 24:17-18

_ _ Yet let none rejoice over the fate of evildoers, lest God punish their wrong spirit by relieving the sufferer (compare Proverbs 17:5; Job 31:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 24:17-18

_ _ Here, 1. The pleasure we are apt to take in the troubles of an enemy is forbidden us. If any have done us an ill turn, or if we bear them ill-will only because they stand in our light or in our way, when any damage comes to them (suppose they fall), or any danger (suppose they stumble), our corrupt hearts are too apt to conceive a secret delight and satisfaction in it — Aha! so would we have it; they are entangled; the wilderness has shut them in — or, as Tyrus said concerning Jerusalem (Ezekiel 26:2) I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste. “Men hope in the ruin of their enemies or rivals to wreak their revenge or to find their account; but be not thou so inhuman; rejoice not when the worst enemy thou hast falls.” There may be a holy joy in the destruction of God's enemies, as it tends to the glory of God and the welfare of the church (Psalms 58:10); but in the ruin of our enemies, as such, we must by no means rejoice; on the contrary, we must weep even with them when they weep (as David, Psalms 35:13, Psalms 35:14), and that in sincerity, not so much as letting our hearts be secretly glad at their calamities. 2. The provocation which that pleasure gives to God is assigned as the reason of that prohibition: The Lord will see it, though it be hidden in the heart only, and it will displease him, as it will displease a prudent father to see one child triumph in the correction of another, which he ought to tremble at, and take warning by, not knowing how soon it may be his own case, he having so often deserved it. Solomon adds an argument ad hominemaddressed to the individual: “Thou canst not do a greater kindness to thy enemy, when he has fallen, than to rejoice in it; for them, to cross thee and vex thee, God will turn his wrath from him; for, as the wrath of man works not the righteousness of God, so the righteousness of God was never intended to gratify the wrath of man, and humour his foolish passions; rather than seem to do that he will adjourn the execution of his wrath: nay, it is implied that when he turns his wrath from him he will turn it against thee and the cup of trembling shall be put into thy hand.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 24:17

Falleth — Into mischief.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 17:5 Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: [and] he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.
Judges 16:25 And it came to pass, when their hearts were merry, that they said, Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. And they called for Samson out of the prison house; and he made them sport: and they set him between the pillars.
2 Samuel 16:5-14 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name [was] Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came. ... And the king, and all the people that [were] with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.
Job 31:29 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:
Psalms 35:15 But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: [yea], the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew [it] not; they did tear [me], and ceased not:
Psalms 35:19 Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: [neither] let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Psalms 42:10 [As] with a sword in my bones, mine enemies reproach me; while they say daily unto me, Where [is] thy God?
Obadiah 1:12 But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress.
1 Corinthians 13:6-7 Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; ... Beareth all things, believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all things.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 16:25. 2S 16:5. Jb 31:29. Ps 35:15, 19; 42:10. Pv 17:5. Ob 1:12. 1Co 13:6.

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