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Proverbs 23:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, And despise not thy mother when she is old.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Listen to your father who begot you, And do not despise your mother when she is old.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Hearken to thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Hearken to thy father here, who begat thee, and despise not, when she is old, thy mother.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Hearken to thy father, who begat thee, And despise not thy mother when she hath become old.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Hearken to thy father, that begot thee: and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hearken vnto thy father that begate thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Hearken, [my] son, to thy father which begot thee, and despise not [thy mother] because she is grown old.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Hearken 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
unto thy father 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
that x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
begat 3205
{3205} Prime
יָלַד
yalad
{yaw-lad'}
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee, and despise 936
{0936} Prime
בּוּז
buwz
{booz}
A primitive root; to disrespect.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
thy mother 517
{0517} Prime
אֵם
'em
{ame}
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
when x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
she is old. 2204
{2204} Prime
זָקֵן
zaqen
{zaw-kane'}
A primitive root; to be old.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 23:22

_ _ Hearken — that is, obey (Proverbs 1:8; Ephesians 6:1).

_ _ despise ... old — Adults revere the parents whom, as children, they once obeyed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 23:19-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hearken:

Proverbs 1:8 My son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
Proverbs 6:20 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother:
Deuteronomy 21:18-21 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and [that], when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them: ... And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.
Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed [be] he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Mark 7:10 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:
Ephesians 6:1-2 Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. ... Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;)

despise:

Proverbs 30:11 [There is] a generation [that] curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.
Leviticus 19:3 Ye shall fear every man his mother, and his father, and keep my sabbaths: I [am] the LORD your God.
Matthew 15:4-6 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. ... And honour not his father or his mother, [he shall be free]. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition.
John 19:26-27 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son! ... Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own [home].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:3. Dt 21:18; 27:16. Pv 1:8; 6:20; 30:11. Mt 15:4. Mk 7:10. Jn 19:26. Ep 6:1.

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