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Proverbs 22:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The rich ruleth over the poor; And the borrower is servant to the lender.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower [is] servant to the lender.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The rich rules over the poor, And the borrower [becomes] the lender’s slave.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower [is] servant to the lender.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The rich ruleth over the poor; and the borrower is servant to the lender.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The rich, over the poor, beareth rule,—and, slave, is the borrower to the lender.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The rich over the poor ruleth, And a servant [is] the borrower to the lender.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The rich ruleth over the poor: and the borrower is servant to him that lendeth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The rich ruleth ouer the poore, and the borrower [is] seruant to the lender.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The rich will rule over the poor, and servants will lend to their own masters.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower [is] servant to the lender.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The rich 6223
{6223} Prime
עָשִׁיר
`ashiyr
{aw-sheer'}
From H6238; rich, whether literally or figuratively (noble).
ruleth 4910
{4910} Prime
מָשַׁל
mashal
{maw-shal'}
A primitive root; to rule.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
over the poor, 7326
{7326} Prime
רוּשׁ
ruwsh
{roosh}
A primitive root; to be destitute.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the borrower 3867
{3867} Prime
לָוָה
lavah
{law-vaw'}
A primitive root; properly to twine, that is, (by implication) to unite, to remain; also to borrow (as a form of obligation) or (causatively) to lend.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
[is] servant 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
to the lender. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
3867
{3867} Prime
לָוָה
lavah
{law-vaw'}
A primitive root; properly to twine, that is, (by implication) to unite, to remain; also to borrow (as a form of obligation) or (causatively) to lend.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 22:7

_ _ The influence of wealth sets aside moral distinctions is implied, and, of course, disapproved (compare Proverbs 19:6; Proverbs 21:14, etc.).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 22:7

_ _ He had said (Proverbs 22:2.), Rich and poor meet together; but here he finds, here he shows, that, as to the things of this life, there is a great difference; for, 1. Those that have little will be in subjection to those that have much, because they have dependence upon them, they have received, and expect to receive, support from them: The rich rule over the poor, and too often more than becomes them, with pride and rigour, unlike to God, who, though he be great, yet despises not any. It is part of the affliction of the poor that they must expect to be trampled upon, and part of their duty to be serviceable, as far as they can, to those that are kind to them, and study to be grateful. 2. Those that are but going behindhand find themselves to lie much at the mercy of those that are before hand: The borrower is servant to the lender, is obliged to him, and must sometimes beg, Have patience with me. Therefore it is part of Israel's promised happiness that they should lend and borrow, Deuteronomy 28:12. And it should be our endeavour to keep as much as may be out of debt. Some sell their liberty to gratify their luxury.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 22:7

Is servant — Is at his mercy, and forced to comply with his pleasure.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rich:

Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
Proverbs 22:22 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 18:23 The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.
Amos 2:6 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Israel, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they sold the righteous for silver, and the poor for a pair of shoes;
Amos 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that [are] in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, Bring, and let us drink.
Amos 5:11-12 Forasmuch therefore as your treading [is] upon the poor, and ye take from him burdens of wheat: ye have built houses of hewn stone, but ye shall not dwell in them; ye have planted pleasant vineyards, but ye shall not drink wine of them. ... For I know your manifold transgressions and your mighty sins: they afflict the just, they take a bribe, and they turn aside the poor in the gate [from their right].
Amos 8:4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,
Amos 8:6 That we may buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes; [yea], and sell the refuse of the wheat?
James 2:6 But ye have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats?
James 5:1 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you].
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

the borrower:

2 Kings 4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear the LORD: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two sons to be bondmen.
Nehemiah 5:4-5 There were also that said, We have borrowed money for the king's tribute, [and that upon] our lands and vineyards. ... Yet now our flesh [is] as the flesh of our brethren, our children as their children: and, lo, we bring into bondage our sons and our daughters to be servants, and [some] of our daughters are brought unto bondage [already]: neither [is it] in our power [to redeem them]; for other men have our lands and vineyards.
Isaiah 24:2 And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
Matthew 18:25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made.

lender:
Heb. man that lendeth
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2K 4:1. Ne 5:4. Pv 14:31; 18:23; 22:16, 22. Is 24:2. Am 2:6; 4:1; 5:11; 8:4, 6. Mt 18:25. Jm 2:6; 5:1, 4.

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