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Proverbs 22:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [gain], [And] he that giveth to the rich, [shall come] only to want.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who oppresses the poor to make more for himself Or who gives to the rich, [will] only [come to] poverty.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches], [and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that oppresseth the poor, it is to enrich him; he that giveth to the rich, [bringeth] only to want.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He that oppresseth the poor, to make increase for himself, giving to the rich, shall surely come to want.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He is oppressing the poor to multiply to him, He is giving to the rich—only to want.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that oppresseth the poor, to increase his own riches, shall himself give to one that is richer, and shall be in need.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee that oppresseth the poore to increase his [riches, and] he that giueth to the rich, shall surely [come] to want.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He that oppresses the poor, increases his own substance, yet gives to the rich so as to make it less.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that oppresseth the poor to increase his [riches, and] he that giveth to the rich, [shall] surely [come] to want.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that oppresseth 6231
{6231} Prime
עָשַׁק
`ashaq
{aw-shak'}
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the poor 1800
{1800} Prime
דַּל
dal
{dal}
From H1809; properly dangling, that is, (by implication) weak or thin.
to increase 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
his [riches, and] he that giveth 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to the rich, 6223
{6223} Prime
עָשִׁיר
`ashiyr
{aw-sheer'}
From H6238; rich, whether literally or figuratively (noble).
[shall] surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
[come] to want. 4270
{4270} Prime
מַחְסוֹר
machcowr
{makh-sore'}
From H2637; deficiency; hence impoverishment.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 22:16

_ _ These two vices pertain to the same selfish feeling. Both are deservedly odious to God and incur punishment.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 22:16

_ _ This shows what evil courses rich men sometimes take, by which, in the end, they will impoverish themselves and provoke God, notwithstanding their abundance, to bring them to want; they oppress the poor and give to the rich. 1. They will not in charity relieve the poor, but withhold from them, that by saving that which is really the best, but which they think the most needless part of their expenses, they may increase their riches; but they will make presents to the rich, and give them great entertainments, either in pride and vain-glory, that they may look great, or in policy, that they may receive it again with advantage. Such shall surely come to want. Many have been beggared by a foolish generosity, but never any by a prudent charity. Christ bids us to invite the poor, Luke 14:12, Luke 14:13. 2. They not only will not relieve the poor, but they oppress them, rob the spital, extort from their poor tenants and neighbours, invade the rights of those who have not wherewithal to defend themselves, and then give bribes to the rich, to protect and countenance them in it. But it is all in vain; they shall come to want. Those that rob God, and so make him the enemy, cannot secure themselves by giving to the rich, to make them their friends.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 22:16

That giveth — That prodigally casts away his estate upon those who do not need it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that oppresseth:

Proverbs 22:22-23 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresseth the poor reproacheth his Maker: but he that honoureth him hath mercy on the poor.
Proverbs 28:3 A poor man that oppresseth the poor [is like] a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
Job 20:19-29 Because he hath oppressed [and] hath forsaken the poor; [because] he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not; ... This [is] the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.
Psalms 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, saith the LORD; I will set [him] in safety [from him that] puffeth at him.
Micah 2:2-3 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time [is] evil.
Zechariah 7:9-14 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother: ... But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.
James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
James 5:1-5 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you]. ... Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter.

he that giveth:

Luke 6:33-35 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. ... But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and [to] the evil.
Luke 14:12-14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor [thy] rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee. ... And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
Luke 16:24 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 20:19. Ps 12:5. Pv 14:31; 22:22; 28:3. Mi 2:2. Zc 7:9. Lk 6:33; 14:12; 16:24. Jm 2:13; 5:1.

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