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Proverbs 21:29 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A wicked man hardeneth his face; But as for the upright, he establisheth his ways.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A wicked man hardeneth his face: but [as for] the upright, he directeth his way.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A wicked man displays a bold face, But as for the upright, he makes his way sure.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A wicked man hardeneth his face: but [as for] the upright, he directeth his way.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A wicked man hardeneth his face; but as for the upright, he establisheth his way.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A lawless man emboldeneth his face, but, as for the upright, he, directeth his ways.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A wicked man hath hardened by his face, And the upright—he prepareth his way.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wicked man impudently hardeneth his face: but he that is righteous, correcteth his way.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the vpright, he directeth his way.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— An ungodly man impudently withstands with his face; but the upright man himself understands his ways.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A wicked man hardeneth his face: but [as for] the upright, he directeth his way.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
hardeneth 5810
{5810} Prime
A primitive root; to be stout (literally or figuratively).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
his face: 6440
{6440} Prime
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
but [as for] the upright, 3477
{3477} Prime
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
he x1931
(1931) Complement
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
directeth 995
{0995} Prime
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
[3559] Standard
A primitive root; properly to be erect (that is, stand perpendicular);. hence (causatively) to set up, in a great variety of applications, whether literal (establish, fix, prepare, apply), or figurative (appoint, render sure, proper or prosperous).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
his way. 1870
{1870} Prime
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 21:29

_ _ hardeneth his face — is obstinate.

_ _ directeth ... way — considers it, and acts advisedly.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 21:29

_ _ Here is, 1. The presumption and impudence of a wicked man: He hardens his face — brazens it, that he may not blush — steels it, that he may not tremble when he commits the greatest crimes; he bids defiance to the terrors of the law and the checks of his own conscience, the reproofs of the word and the rebukes of Providence; he will have his way and nothing shall hinder him, Isaiah 57:17. 2. The caution and circumspection of a good man: As for the upright, he does not say, What would I do? What have I a mind to? and that will I have; but, What should I do? What does God require of me? What is duty? What is prudence? What is for edification? And so he does not force his way, but direct his way by a safe and certain rule.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 21:29

Hardeneth — Continues in evil with obstinacy and impudence. Directs — He orders his steps aright.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 28:14 Happy [is] the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth his heart shall fall into mischief.
Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardeneth [his] neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.
Jeremiah 3:2-3 Lift up thine eyes unto the high places, and see where thou hast not been lien with. In the ways hast thou sat for them, as the Arabian in the wilderness; and thou hast polluted the land with thy whoredoms and with thy wickedness. ... Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
Jeremiah 8:12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 44:16-17 [As for] the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee. ... But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for [then] had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.

he directeth:
or, he considereth,
Proverbs 11:5 The righteousness of the perfect shall direct his way: but the wicked shall fall by his own wickedness.
Psalms 119:59 I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto thy testimonies.
Ezekiel 18:28 Because he considereth, and turneth away from all his transgressions that he hath committed, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Haggai 1:5 Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.
Haggai 1:7 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.
Haggai 2:15 And now, I pray you, consider from this day and upward, from before a stone was laid upon a stone in the temple of the LORD:
Haggai 2:18-19 Consider now from this day and upward, from the four and twentieth day of the ninth [month, even] from the day that the foundation of the LORD'S temple was laid, consider [it]. ... Is the seed yet in the barn? yea, as yet the vine, and the fig tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive tree, hath not brought forth: from this day will I bless [you].
Luke 15:17-18 And when he came to himself, he said, How many hired servants of my father's have bread enough and to spare, and I perish with hunger! ... I will arise and go to my father, and will say unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee,
1 Thessalonians 3:11 Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 119:59. Pv 11:5; 28:14; 29:1. Jr 3:2; 5:3; 8:12; 44:16. Ezk 18:28. Hg 1:5, 7; 2:15, 18. Lk 15:17. 1Th 3:11.

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