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Proverbs 21:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination: How much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sacrifice of the wicked is an abomination, How much more when he brings it with evil intent!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more when they bring it with a wicked purpose!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The sacrifice of the lawless, is an abomination, how much more, when, with wickedness, he bringeth it in!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination, Much more when in wickedness he bringeth it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sacrifices of the wicked are abominable, because they are offered of wickedness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked minde?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sacrifices of the ungodly are abomination to the Lord, for they offer them wickedly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sacrifice of the wicked [is] abomination: how much more, [when] he bringeth it with a wicked mind?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sacrifice 2077
{2077} Prime
זֶבַח
zebach
{zeh'-bakh}
From H2076; properly a slaughter, that is, the flesh of an animal; by implication a sacrifice (the victim or the act).
of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
[is] abomination: 8441
{8441} Prime
תּוֹעֵבָה
tow`ebah
{to-ay-baw'}
Feminine active participle of H8581; properly something disgusting (morally), that is, (as noun) an abhorrence; especially idolatry or (concretely) an idol.
how much more, x637
(0637) Complement
אַף
'aph
{af}
A primitive particle; meaning accession (used as an adverb or conjugation); also or yea; adversatively though.
x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
[when] he bringeth 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
it with a wicked mind? 2154
{2154} Prime
זִמָּה
zimmah
{zim-maw'}
From H2161; a plan, especially a bad one.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 21:27

_ _ God regards the heart, and hypocrisy is more odious than open inconsistency.

_ _ wicked mind — or, “design” (Proverbs 1:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 21:27

_ _ Sacrifices were of divine institution; and when they were offered in faith, and with repentance and reformation, God was greatly honoured by them and well-pleased in them. But they were often not only unacceptable, but an abomination, to God, and he declared so, which was an indication both that they were not required for their own sakes and that there were better things, and for effectual, in reserve, when sacrifice and offering should be done away. They were an abomination, 1. When they were brought by wicked men, who did not, according to the true intent and meaning of sacrificing, repent of their sins, mortify their lusts, and amend their lives. Cain brought his offering. Even wicked men may be found in the external performances of religious worship. Many can freely give God their beasts, their lips, their knees, who would not give him their hearts; the Pharisees gave alms. But when the person is an abomination, as every wicked man is to God, the performance cannot but be so; even when he brings it diligently; so some read the latter part of the verse. Though their offerings are continually before God (Psalms 50:8), yet they are an abomination to him. 2. Much more when they were brought with wicked minds, when their sacrifices were made, not only consistent with, but serviceable to, their wickedness, as Absalom's vow, Jezebel's fast, and the Pharisees' long prayers. When men make a show of devotion, that they may the more easily and effectually compass some covetous or malicious design, when holiness is pretended, but some wickedness intended, then especially the performance is an abomination, Isaiah 66:5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 21:27

The sacrifice — All the most costly services which they offer to God. Because — As all the ancient translators render it, the Hebrew particle, aph, being expletive: or, even because; so the following clause gives the reason. A wicked mind — Not in obedience to God's command, but either to cover, or countenance, or promote some wicked design.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sacrifice:

Proverbs 15:8 The sacrifice of the wicked [is] an abomination to the LORD: but the prayer of the upright [is] his delight.
Proverbs 28:9 He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer [shall be] abomination.
1 Samuel 13:12-13 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering. ... And Samuel said to Saul, Thou hast done foolishly: thou hast not kept the commandment of the LORD thy God, which he commanded thee: for now would the LORD have established thy kingdom upon Israel for ever.
1 Samuel 15:21-23 But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice unto the LORD thy God in Gilgal. ... For rebellion [is as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.
Psalms 50:8-13 I will not reprove thee for thy sacrifices or thy burnt offerings, [to have been] continually before me. ... Will I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats?
Isaiah 1:11-16 To what purpose [is] the multitude of your sacrifices unto me? saith the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams, and the fat of fed beasts; and I delight not in the blood of bullocks, or of lambs, or of he goats. ... Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
Jeremiah 6:20 To what purpose cometh there to me incense from Sheba, and the sweet cane from a far country? your burnt offerings [are] not acceptable, nor your sacrifices sweet unto me.
Jeremiah 7:11-12 Is this house, which is called by my name, become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen [it], saith the LORD. ... But go ye now unto my place which [was] in Shiloh, where I set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my people Israel.
Amos 5:21-22 I hate, I despise your feast days, and I will not smell in your solemn assemblies. ... Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept [them]: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.

with a wicked mind:
Heb. in wickedness,
Matthew 23:14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 13:12; 15:21. Ps 50:8. Pv 15:8; 28:9. Is 1:11; 66:3. Jr 6:20; 7:11. Am 5:21. Mt 23:14.

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