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Proverbs 21:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A wise man scaleth the city of the mighty, And bringeth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A wise man scales the city of the mighty And brings down the stronghold in which they trust.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of its confidence.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A city of heroes, doth a wise man scale, and bringeth down the strength of its confidence.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A city of the mighty hath the wise gone up, And bringeth down the strength of its confidence.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wise man hath scaled the city of the strong, and hath cast down the strength of the confidence thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A wise man scaleth the citie of the mightie, and casteth downe the strength of the confidence thereof.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A wise man assaults strong cities, and demolishes the fortress in which the ungodly trusted.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A wise 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
[man] scaleth 5927
{5927} Prime
עָלָה
`alah
{aw-law'}
A primitive root; to ascend, intransitively (be high) or active (mount); used in a great variety of senses, primary and secondary, literally and figuratively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
of the mighty, 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
and casteth down 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the strength 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
of the confidence 4009
{4009} Prime
מִבְטָח
mibtach
{mib-tawkh'}
From H0982; properly a refuge, that is, (objectively) security, or (subjectively) assurance.
thereof.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 21:22

_ _ “Wisdom is better than strength” (Ecclesiastes 7:19; Ecclesiastes 9:15).

_ _ strength ... thereof — that in which they confide.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 21:22

_ _ Note, 1. Those that have power are apt to promise themselves great things from their power. The city of the mighty thinks itself impregnable, and therefore its strength is the confidence thereof, what it boasts of and trust in, bidding defiance to danger. 2. Those that have wisdom, though they are so modest as not to promise much, often perform great things, even against those that are so confident of their strength, by their wisdom. Good conduct will go far even against great force; and a stratagem, well managed, may effectually scale the city of the mighty and cast down the strength it had such a confidence in. A wise man will gain upon the affections of people and conquer them by strength of reason, which is a more noble conquest than that obtained by strength of arms. Those that understand their interest will willingly submit themselves to a wise and good man, and the strongest walls shall not hold out against him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 21:22

The strength — The strongest sorts to which the citizens trust.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 21:22

A (k) wise [man] scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of its confidence.

(k) Wisdom overcomes strength and confidence in worldly things.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

2 Samuel 20:16-22 Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with thee. ... Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast [it] out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
Ecclesiastes 7:19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty [men] which are in the city.
Ecclesiastes 9:13-18 This wisdom have I seen also under the sun, and it [seemed] great unto me: ... Wisdom [is] better than weapons of war: but one sinner destroyeth much good.
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2S 20:16. Ec 7:19; 9:13.

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