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Proverbs 21:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: He that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that loveth pleasure [shall be] a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who loves pleasure [will become] a poor man; He who loves wine and oil will not become rich.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that loveth pleasure [shall be] a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that loveth mirth shall be a poor man; he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A needy man, shall he be that loveth merriment, the lover of wine and oil, shall not become rich.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso [is] loving mirth [is] a poor man, Whoso is loving wine and oil maketh no wealth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that loveth good cheer, shall be in want: he that loveth wine, and fat things, shall not be rich.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that loueth pleasure, [shall be] a poore man: hee that loueth wine and oyle, shall not be rich.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A poor man loves mirth, loving wine and oil in abundance;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that loveth pleasure [shall be] a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that loveth 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
pleasure 8057
{8057} Prime
שִׂמְחָה
simchah
{sim-khaw'}
From H8056; blithesomeness or glee, (religious or festival).
[shall be] a poor 4270
{4270} Prime
מַחְסוֹר
machcowr
{makh-sore'}
From H2637; deficiency; hence impoverishment.
man: 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
he that loveth 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
wine 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
and oil 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be rich. 6238
{6238} Prime
עָשַׁר
`ashar
{aw-shar'}
A primitive root; properly to accumulate; chiefly (specifically) to grow (causatively make) rich.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 21:17

_ _ Costly luxuries impoverish.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 21:17

_ _ Here is an argument against a voluptuous luxurious life, taken from the ruin it brings upon men's temporal interests. Here is 1. The description of an epicure: He loves pleasure. God allows us to use the delights of sense soberly and temperately, wine to make glad the heart and put vigour into the spirits, and oil to make the face to shine and beautify the countenance; but he that loves these, that sets his heart upon them, covets them earnestly, is solicitous to have all the delights of sense wound up to the height of pleasurableness, is impatient of every thing that crosses him in his pleasures, relishes these as the best pleasures, and has his mouth by them put out of taste for spiritual delights, he is an epicure, 2 Timothy 3:4. 2. The punishment of an epicure in this world: He shall be a poor man; for the lusts of sensuality are not maintained but at great expense, and there are instances of those who want necessaries, and live upon alms, who once could not live without dainties and varieties. Many a beau becomes a beggar.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 21:17

Wine and oil — Delicious fare and luxurious feasting. Wine and oil were much used in feasts in those parts.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
loveth:

Proverbs 21:20 [There is] treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.
Proverbs 5:10-11 Lest strangers be filled with thy wealth; and thy labours [be] in the house of a stranger; ... And thou mourn at the last, when thy flesh and thy body are consumed,
Proverbs 23:21 For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe [a man] with rags.
Luke 15:13-16 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living. ... And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
Luke 16:24-25 And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. ... But Abraham said, Son, remember that thou in thy lifetime receivedst thy good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things: but now he is comforted, and thou art tormented.
1 Timothy 5:6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth.
2 Timothy 3:4 Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;

pleasure:
Heb. sport
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Pv 5:10; 21:20; 23:21. Lk 15:13; 16:24. 1Ti 5:6. 2Ti 3:4.

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