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Proverbs 21:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger; And a present in the bosom, strong wrath.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A gift in secret subdues anger, And a bribe in the bosom, strong wrath.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom, strong wrath.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger; and a present in the bosom, vehement fury.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A gift in secret, quencheth anger, and, a present in the bosom, mighty wrath.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger, And a bribe in the bosom strong fury.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A secret present quencheth anger: and a gift in the bosom, the greatest wrath.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger; and a reward in the bosome, strong wrath.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A secret gift calms anger: but he that forbears to give stirs up strong wrath.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A gift 4976
{4976} Prime
From H5414; a present.
in secret 5643
{5643} Prime
From H5641; a cover (in a good or a bad, a literal or a figurative sense).
pacifieth 3711
{3711} Prime
A primitive root; properly to bend, that is, (figuratively) to tame or subdue.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
anger: 639
{0639} Prime
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
and a reward 7810
{7810} Prime
From H7809; a donation (venal or redemptive).
in the bosom 2436
{2436} Prime
From an unused root, apparently meaning to inclose; the bosom (literally or figuratively).
strong 5794
{5794} Prime
From H5810; strong, vehement, harsh.
wrath. 2534
{2534} Prime
From H3179; heat; figuratively anger, poison (from its fever).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 21:14

_ _ The effect of bribery (Proverbs 17:23) is enhanced by secrecy, as the bribed person does not wish his motives made known.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 21:14

_ _ Here is, 1. The power that is commonly found to be in gifts. Nothing is more violent than anger. O the force of strong wrath! And yet a handsome present, prudently managed, will turn away some men's wrath when it seemed implacable, and disarm the keenest and most passionate resentments. Covetousness is commonly a master-sin and has the command of other lusts. Pecuniae obediunt omniaMoney commands all things. Thus Jacob pacified Esau and Abigail David. 2. The policy that is commonly used in giving and receiving bribes. It must be a gift in secret and a reward in the bosom, for he that takes it would not be thought to covet it, nor known to receive it, nor would he willingly be beholden to him whom he has been offended with; but, if it be done privately, all is well. No man should be too open in giving any gift, nor boast of the presents he sends; but, if it be a bribe to pervert justice, that is so scandalous that those who are fond of it are ashamed of it.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 21:14

In secret — Which makes it more acceptable. In the bosom — Secretly conveyed into the bosom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 21:14

A (g) gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.

(g) To do a pleasure to the angry man pacifies him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 17:8 A gift [is as] a precious stone in the eyes of him that hath it: whithersoever it turneth, it prospereth.
Proverbs 17:23 A wicked [man] taketh a gift out of the bosom to pervert the ways of judgment.
Proverbs 18:16 A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men.
Proverbs 19:6 Many will intreat the favour of the prince: and every man [is] a friend to him that giveth gifts.
Genesis 32:20 And say ye moreover, Behold, thy servant Jacob [is] behind us. For he said, I will appease him with the present that goeth before me, and afterward I will see his face; peradventure he will accept of me.
Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If [it must be] so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
1 Samuel 25:35 So David received of her hand [that] which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.

in secret:

Matthew 6:3-4 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth: ... That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.
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Gn 32:20; 43:11. 1S 25:35. Pv 17:8, 23; 18:16; 19:6. Mt 6:3.

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