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Proverbs 20:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who can say, “I have cleansed my heart, I am pure from my sin”?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who can say, I have cleansed my heart, I am pure from my sin?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who saith, 'I have purified my heart, I have been cleansed from my sin?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who can say: My heart is clean, I am pure from sin?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who can say, I haue made my heart cleane, I am pure from my sinne?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who will boast that he has a pure heart? or who will boldly say that he is pure from sins.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
can say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
I have made my heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
clean, 2135
{2135} Prime
זָכַה
zakah
{zaw-kaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2141); to be translucent; figuratively to be innocent.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
I am pure 2891
{2891} Prime
טָהֵר
taher
{taw-hare'}
A primitive root; properly to be bright; that is, (by implication) to be pure (physically sound, clear, unadulterated; Levitically uncontaminated; morally innocent or holy).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
from my sin? 2403
{2403} Prime
חַטָּאָה
chatta'ah
{khat-taw-aw'}
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:9

_ _ The interrogation in the affirmative strengthens the implied negation (compare Job 15:14; Ecclesiastes 7:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:9

_ _ This question is not only a challenge to any man in the world to prove himself sinless, whatever he pretends, but a lamentation of the corruption of mankind, even that which remains in the best. Alas! Who can say, “I am sinless?” Observe, 1. Who the persons are that are excluded from these pretensions — all, one as well as another. Here, in this imperfect state, no person whatsoever can pretend to be without sin. Adam could say so in innocency, and saints can say so in heaven, but none in this life. Those that think themselves as good as they should be cannot, nay, and those that are really good will not, dare not, say this. 2. What the pretension is that is excluded. We cannot say, We have made our hearts clean. Though we can say, through grace, “We are cleaner than we have been,” yet we cannot say, “We are clean and pure from all remainders of sin.” Or, though we are clean from the gross acts of sin, yet we cannot say, “Our hearts are clean.” Or, though we are washed and cleansed, yet we cannot say, “We ourselves made our own hearts clean;” it was the work of the Spirit. Or, though we are pure from the sins of many others, yet we cannot say, “We are pure from our sin, the sin that easily besets us, the body of death which Paul complained of,” Romans 7:24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

1 Kings 8:46 If they sin against thee, (for [there is] no man that sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy, far or near;
2 Chronicles 6:36 If they sin against thee, (for [there is] no man which sinneth not,) and thou be angry with them, and deliver them over before [their] enemies, and they carry them away captives unto a land far off or near;
Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean [thing] out of an unclean? not one.
Job 15:14 What [is] man, that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean [that is] born of a woman?
Psalms 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.
Ecclesiastes 7:20 For [there is] not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.
1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
James 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same [is] a perfect man, [and] able also to bridle the whole body.
1 John 1:8-10 If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. ... If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 8:46. 2Ch 6:36. Jb 14:4; 15:14; 25:4. Ps 51:5. Ec 7:20. 1Co 4:4. Jm 3:2. 1Jn 1:8.

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