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Proverbs 20:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The sluggard will not plow by reason of the winter; Therefore he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; [therefore] shall he beg in harvest, and [have] nothing.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The sluggard does not plow after the autumn, So he begs during the harvest and has nothing.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; [therefore] shall he beg in harvest, and [have] nothing.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The sluggard will not plough by reason of the winter; he shall beg in harvest, and have nothing.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— By reason of the autumn, a sluggard will not plough, therefore shall he beg in harvest, and there be nothing.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Because of winter the slothful plougheth not, He asketh in harvest, and there is nothing.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because of the cold the sluggard would not plough: he shall beg therefore in the summer, and it shall not be given him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; therefore shall he begge in haruest, and haue nothing.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A sluggard when reproached is not ashamed: so also he who borrows corn in harvest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sluggard will not plow by reason of the cold; [therefore] shall he beg in harvest, and [have] nothing.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sluggard 6102
{6102} Prime
עָצֵל
`atsel
{aw-tsale'}
From H6101; indolent.
will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
plow 2790
{2790} Prime
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
by reason of the cold; 2779
{2779} Prime
חֹרֶף
choreph
{kho'-ref}
From H2778; properly the crop gathered, that is, (by implication) the autumn (and winter) season; figuratively ripeness of age.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
[therefore] shall he beg 7592
{7592} Prime
שָׁאַל
sha'al
{shaw-al'}
A primitive root; to inquire; by implication to request; by extension to demand.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in harvest, 7105
{7105} Prime
קָצִיר
qatsiyr
{kaw-tseer'}
From H7114; severed, that is, harvest (as reaped), the crop, the time, the reaper, or figuratively; also a limb (of a tree, or simply foliage).
and [have] nothing. x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:4

_ _ shall ... beg — literally, “ask” (in this sense, Psalms 109:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:4

_ _ See here the evil of slothfulness and the love of ease. 1. It keeps men from the most necessary business, from ploughing and sowing when the season is: The sluggard has ground to occupy, and has ability for it; he can plough, but he will not; some excuse or other he has to shift it off, but the true reason is that it is cold weather. Though ploughing time is not in the depth of winter, it is in the borders of winter, when he thinks it too cold for him to be abroad. Those are scandalously sluggish who, in the way of their business, cannot find in their hearts to undergo so little toil as that of ploughing and so little hardship as that of a cold blast. Thus careless are many in the affairs of their souls; a trifling difficulty will frighten them from the most important duty; but good soldiers must endure hardness. 2. Thereby it deprives them of the most necessary supports: Those that will not plough in seed-time cannot expect to reap in harvest; and therefore they must beg their bread with astonishment when the diligent are bringing home their sheaves with joy. He that will not submit to the labour of ploughing must submit to the shame of begging. They shall beg in harvest, and yet have nothing; no, not then when there is great plenty. Though it may be charity to relieve sluggards, yet a man may, in justice, not relieve them; they deserve to be left to starve. Those that would not provide oil in their vessels begged when the bridegroom came, and were denied.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sluggard:

Proverbs 10:4 He becometh poor that dealeth [with] a slack hand: but the hand of the diligent maketh rich.
Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
Proverbs 19:24 A slothful [man] hideth his hand in [his] bosom, and will not so much as bring it to his mouth again.
Proverbs 26:13-16 The slothful [man] saith, [There is] a lion in the way; a lion [is] in the streets. ... The sluggard [is] wiser in his own conceit than seven men that can render a reason.

cold:
or, winter

therefore:

Proverbs 6:10-11 [Yet] a little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to sleep: ... So shall thy poverty come as one that travelleth, and thy want as an armed man.
Proverbs 19:15 Slothfulness casteth into a deep sleep; and an idle soul shall suffer hunger.
Proverbs 24:34 So shall thy poverty come [as] one that travelleth; and thy want as an armed man.
Matthew 25:3-10 They that [were] foolish took their lamps, and took no oil with them: ... And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.
Matthew 25:24-28 Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strawed: ... Take therefore the talent from him, and give [it] unto him which hath ten talents.
2 Peter 1:5-11 And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; ... For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
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Pv 6:10; 10:4; 19:15, 24; 24:34; 26:13. Mt 25:3, 24. 2P 1:5.

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