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Proverbs 20:28 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Kindness and truth preserve the king; And his throne is upholden by kindness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Loyalty and truth preserve the king, And he upholds his throne by righteousness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upheld by mercy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Mercy and truth preserve the king; and he upholdeth his throne by mercy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Lovingkindness and faithfulness, will guard a king,—therefore should he support, with lovingkindness, his throne.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Kindness and truth keep a king, And he hath supported by kindness his throne.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Mercy and truth preserve the king, and his throne is strengthened by clemency.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Mercy and trueth preserue the king: and his throne is vpholden by mercy.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Mercy and truth are a guard to a king, and will surround his throne with righteousness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Mercy and truth preserve the king: and his throne is upholden by mercy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Mercy 2617
{2617} Prime
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
and truth 571
{0571} Prime
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
preserve 5341
{5341} Prime
A primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the king: 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
and his throne 3678
{3678} Prime
From H3680; properly covered, that is, a throne (as canopied).
is upholden 5582
{5582} Prime
A primitive root; to support (mostly figuratively).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
by mercy. 2617
{2617} Prime
From H2616; kindness; by implication (towards God) piety; rarely (by opprobrium) reproof, or (subjectively) beauty.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:28

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 3:3; Proverbs 16:6, Proverbs 16:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:28

_ _ Here we have, 1. The virtues of a good king. Those are mercy and truth, especially mercy, for that is mentioned twice here. He must be strictly faithful to his word, must be sincere, and abhor all dissimulation, must religiously discharge all the trusts reposed in him, must support and countenance truth. He must likewise rule with clemency, and by all acts of compassion gain the affections of his people. Mercy and truth are the glories of God's throne, and kings are called gods. 2. The advantages he gains thereby. These virtues will preserve his person and support his government, will make him easy and safe, beloved by his own people and feared by his enemies, if it be possible that he should have any.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 61:7 He shall abide before God for ever: O prepare mercy and truth, [which] may preserve him.
Psalms 101:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] I will sing of mercy and judgment: unto thee, O LORD, will I sing.


Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.


Proverbs 16:12 [It is] an abomination to kings to commit wickedness: for the throne is established by righteousness.
Proverbs 29:14 The king that faithfully judgeth the poor, his throne shall be established for ever.
Psalms 21:7 For the king trusteth in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.
Psalms 26:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; [therefore] I shall not slide.
Isaiah 16:5 And in mercy shall the throne be established: and he shall sit upon it in truth in the tabernacle of David, judging, and seeking judgment, and hasting righteousness.
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Ps 21:7; 26:1; 61:7; 101:1. Pv 16:6, 12; 29:14. Is 16:5.

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