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Proverbs 20:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The spirit of man is the lamp of Jehovah, Searching all his innermost parts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The spirit of man is the lamp of the LORD, Searching all the innermost parts of his being.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Man's spirit is the lamp of Jehovah, searching all the inner parts of the belly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The lamp of Yahweh, is the spirit of a son of earth, searching all the chambers of the inner man.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The breath of man [is] a lamp of Jehovah, Searching all the inner parts of the heart.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The spirit of a man is the lamp of the Lord, which searcheth all the hidden things of the bowels.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The spirit of man is a light of the Lord, who searches the inmost parts of the belly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The spirit of man [is] the candle of Yahweh, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The spirit 5397
{5397} Prime
נְשָׁמָה
n@shamah
{nesh-aw-maw'}
From H5395; a puff, that is, wind, angry or vital breath, divine inspiration, intellect or (concretely) an animal.
of man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[is] the candle 5216
{5216} Prime
נִיר
niyr
{neer}
From a primitive root (see H5214 and H5135) properly meaning to glisten; a lamp (that is, the burner) or light (literally or figuratively).
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
searching 2664
{2664} Prime
חָפַשׂ
chaphas
{khaw-fas'}
A primitive root; to seek; causatively to conceal oneself (that is, let be sought), or mask.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the inward parts 2315
{2315} Prime
חֶדֶר
cheder
{kheh'-der}
From H2314; an apartment (usually literally).
of the belly. 990
{0990} Prime
בֶּטֶן
beten
{beh'-ten}
From an unused root probably meaning to be hollow; the belly, especially the womb; also the bosom or body of anything.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:27

_ _ The spirit ... Lord — Men’s minds are God’s gifts, and thus able to search one another (compare Proverbs 20:5; Proverbs 18:8, Proverbs 18:17; 1 Corinthians 2:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:27

_ _ We have here the dignity of the soul, the great soul of man, that light which lighteth every man. 1. It is a divine light; it is the candle of the Lord, a candle of his lighting, for it is the inspiration of the Almighty that gives us understanding. He forms the spirit of man within him. It is after the image of God that man is created in knowledge. Conscience, that noble faculty, is God's deputy in the soul; it is a candle not only lighted by him, but lighted for him. The Father of spirits is therefore called the Father of lights. 2. It is a discovering light. By the help of reason we come to know men, to judge of their characters, and dive into their designs; by the help of conscience we come to know ourselves. The spirit of a man has a self-consciousness (1 Corinthians 2:11); it searches into the dispositions and affections of the soul, praises what is good, condemns what is otherwise, and judges of the thoughts and intents of the heart. This is the office, this the power, of conscience, which we are therefore concerned to get rightly informed and to keep void of offence.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 20:27

The spirit — The reasonable soul. The candle — Is a clear and glorious light set up in man for his information and direction. Of the Lord — So called because it comes from God in a more immediate manner than the body, Ecclesiastes 12:7, and because it is in God's stead, to observe and judge all our actions. Searching — Discerning not only his outward actions, which are visible to others, but his most inward thoughts and affections. The belly is here put for the heart, as it is frequently.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 20:27

The (i) spirit of man [is] the lamp of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

(i) The word of God gives life to man and causes us to see and try the secret of our dark hearts, (Hebrews 4:12).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
spirit:

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Job 32:8 But [there is] a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
Romans 2:15 Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and [their] thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
1 Corinthians 2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.
2 Corinthians 4:2-6 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully; but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. ... For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
1 John 3:19-21 And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him. ... Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, [then] have we confidence toward God.

candle:
or, lamp,
Proverbs 20:20 Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

searching:

Proverbs 20:30 The blueness of a wound cleanseth away evil: so [do] stripes the inward parts of the belly.
Hebrews 4:12-13 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. ... Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7. Jb 32:8. Pv 20:20, 30. Ro 2:15. 1Co 2:11. 2Co 4:2. He 4:12. 1Jn 3:19.

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