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Proverbs 20:26 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A wise king winnoweth the wicked, And bringeth the [threshing]-wheel over them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A wise king winnows the wicked, And drives the [threshing] wheel over them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A wise king scatterreth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A wise king, winnoweth out the lawless, when he hath turned over them the wheel.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A wise king is scattering the wicked, And turneth back on them the wheel.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth over them the wheel.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A wise king scattereth the wicked, & bringeth the wheele ouer them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A wise king utterly crushes the ungodly, and will bring a wheel upon them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the wheel over them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A wise 2450
{2450} Prime
חָכָם
chakam
{khaw-kawm'}
From H2449; wise, (that is, intelligent, skilful or artful).
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
scattereth 2219
{2219} Prime
זָרַה
zarah
{zaw-raw'}
A primitive root (compare H2114); to toss about; by implication to diffuse, winnow.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
the wicked, 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
and bringeth 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the wheel 212
{0212} Prime
אוֹפָן
'owphan
{o-fawn'}
From an unused root meaning to revolve; a wheel.
over x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:26

_ _ (Compare Proverbs 20:8).

_ _ bringeth ... over them — The wheel was used for threshing grain. The figure denotes severity (compare Amos 1:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:26

_ _ See here, 1. What is the business of magistrates. They are to be a terror to evil-doers. They must scatter the wicked, who are linked in confederacies to assist and embolden one another in doing mischief; and there is no doing this but by bringing the wheel over them, that is, putting the laws in execution against them, crushing their power and quashing their projects. Severity must sometimes be used to rid the country of those that are openly vicious and mischievous, debauched and debauching. 2. What is the qualification of magistrates, which is necessary in order to do this. They have need to be both pious and prudent, for it is the wise king, who is both religious and discreet, that is likely to effect the suppression of vice and reformation of manners.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 20:26

The wheel — As the cart — wheel was anciently turned over the sheaves to beat the corn out of them. He punishes them as their offences deserve.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 20:26

A wise king scattereth the wicked, and bringeth the (h) wheel over them.

(h) Which was a kind of punishment then used.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wise:

Proverbs 20:8 A king that sitteth in the throne of judgment scattereth away all evil with his eyes.
2 Samuel 4:9-12 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, [As] the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity, ... And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged [them] up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried [it] in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.
Psalms 101:5-8 Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer. ... I will early destroy all the wicked of the land; that I may cut off all wicked doers from the city of the LORD.

bringeth:

2 Samuel 12:31 And he brought forth the people that [were] therein, and put [them] under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.
Isaiah 28:27-28 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod. ... Bread [corn] is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break [it with] the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it [with] his horsemen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 4:9; 12:31. Ps 101:5. Pv 20:8. Is 28:27.

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