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Proverbs 20:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who curses his father or his mother, His lamp will go out in time of darkness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Whoever curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Whoso revileth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in deep darkness.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Whoso is vilifying his father and his mother, Extinguished is his lamp in blackness of darkness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He that curseth his father, and mother, his lamp shall be put out in the midst of darkness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who so curseth his father or his mother, his lampe shall be put out in obscure darkenesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The lamp of him that reviles father or mother shall be put out, and his eyeballs shall see darkness.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Whoso curseth 7043
{7043} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) light, literally (swift, small, sharp, etc.) or figuratively (easy, trifling, vile, etc.).
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
his father 1
{0001} Prime
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
or his mother, 517
{0517} Prime
A primitive word; a mother (as the bond of the family); in a wide sense (both literally and figuratively); (like H0001).
his lamp 5216
{5216} Prime
From a primitive root (see H5214 and H5135) properly meaning to glisten; a lamp (that is, the burner) or light (literally or figuratively).
shall be put out 1846
{1846} Prime
A primitive root; to be extinguished; figuratively to expire or be dried up.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in obscure 380
{0380} Prime
Diminutive from H0376; the little man of the eye; the pupil or ball; hence the middle (of night).
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
darkness. 2822
{2822} Prime
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:20

_ _ his lamp — (Compare Proverbs 13:9; Proverbs 24:20).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:20

_ _ Here is, 1. An undutiful child become very wicked by degrees. He began with despising his father and mother, slighting their instructions, disobeying their commands, and raging at their rebukes, but at length he arrives at such a pitch of impudence and impiety as to curse them, to give them scurrilous and opprobrious language, and to wish mischief to those that were instruments of his being and have taken so much care and pains about him, and this in defiance of God and his law, which had made this a capital crime (Exodus 21:17, Matthew 15:4), and in violation of all the bonds of duty, natural affection, and gratitude. 2. An undutiful child become very miserable at last: His lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness; all his honour shall be laid in the dust, and he shall for ever lose his reputation. Let him never expect any peace or comfort in his own mind, no, nor to prosper in this world. His days shall be shortened, and the lamp of his life extinguished, according to the reverse of the promise of the fifth commandment. His family shall be cut off and his posterity be a curse to him. And it will be his eternal ruin; the lamp of his happiness shall be put out in the blackness of darkness (so the word is), even that which is for ever, Jude 1:13, Matthew 22:13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 20:20

Lamp — His name and memory shall utterly perish.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 30:11 [There is] a generation [that] curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.
Proverbs 30:17 The eye [that] mocketh at [his] father, and despiseth to obey [his] mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.
Exodus 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Exodus 21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.
Leviticus 20:9 For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood [shall be] upon him.
Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed [be] he that setteth light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Matthew 15:4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.
Mark 7:10-13 For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death: ... Making the word of God of none effect through your tradition, which ye have delivered: and many such like things do ye.


Proverbs 13:9 The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.
Proverbs 24:20 For there shall be no reward to the evil [man]; the candle of the wicked shall be put out.
Job 18:5-6 Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine. ... The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him.
Job 18:18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.
Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast [him] into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 25:8 And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

or, candle,
Proverbs 20:27 The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:12; 21:17. Lv 20:9. Dt 27:16. Jb 18:5, 18. Pv 13:9; 20:27; 24:20; 30:11, 17. Mt 15:4; 22:13; 25:8. Mk 7:10. Jde 1:13.

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