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Proverbs 20:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Take his garment that is surety for a stranger; And hold him in pledge [that is surety] for foreigners.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Take his garment when he becomes surety for a stranger; And for foreigners, hold him in pledge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Take his garment that is become surety [for] another, and hold him in pledge for strangers.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Take his garment who is pledge for a stranger,—then, for a woman unknown, accept him as surety.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Take his garment when a stranger hath been surety, And for strangers pledge it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Take away the garment of him that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge from him for strangers.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Take his garment that is suerty [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [Absent from Manuscript]
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Take his garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
his garment 899
{0899} Prime
בֶּגֶד
beged
{behg'-ed}
From H0898; a covering, that is, clothing; also treachery or pillage.
that x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
is surety 6148
{6148} Prime
עָרַב
`arab
{aw-rab'}
A primitive root; to braid, that is, intermix; technically to traffic (as if by barter); also to give or be security (as a kind of exchange).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[for] a stranger: 2114
{2114} Prime
זוּר
zuwr
{zoor}
A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery.
z8801
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
and take a pledge 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
of him for x1157
(1157) Complement
בַּעַד
b@`ad
{beh-ad'}
From H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.
a strange woman. 5237
{5237} Prime
נָכְרִי
nokriy
{nok-ree'}
From H5235 (second form); strange, in a variety of degrees and applications (foreign, non-relative, adulterous, different, wonderful).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Proverbs 20:16

_ _ Take his garment — implies severe exaction, justified by the surety’s rashness.

_ _ a strange woman — by some readings “strangers,” but the former here, and in Proverbs 27:13, is allowable, and strengthens the sense. The debauchee is less reliable than the merely careless.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs 20:16

_ _ Two sorts of persons are here spoken of that are ruining their own estates, and will be beggars shortly, and therefore are not to be trusted with any good security: — 1. Those that will be bound for any body that will ask them, that entangle themselves in rash suretiship to oblige their idle companions; they will break at last, nay, they cannot hold out long; these waste by wholesale. 2. Those that are in league with abandoned women, that treat them, and court them, and keep company with them. They will be beggars in a little time; never give them credit without good pledge. Strange women have strange ways of impoverishing men to enrich themselves.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 20:16

Take — As a pledge, without which he ought not to be trusted. Of him — That is surety.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Proverbs 20:16

Take his (f) garment that is surety [for] a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

(f) Teach him wit, that he cast not himself rashly into danger.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Take his:

Proverbs 11:15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart [for it]: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.
Proverbs 22:26-27 Be not thou [one] of them that strike hands, [or] of them that are sureties for debts. ... If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?
Proverbs 27:13 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.
Exodus 22:26-27 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: ... For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.

a strange:

Proverbs 2:16 To deliver thee from the strange woman, [even] from the stranger [which] flattereth with her words;
Proverbs 5:3 For the lips of a strange woman drop [as] an honeycomb, and her mouth [is] smoother than oil:
Proverbs 7:5 That they may keep thee from the strange woman, from the stranger [which] flattereth with her words.
Proverbs 7:10 And, behold, there met him a woman [with] the attire of an harlot, and subtil of heart.
Proverbs 23:27 For a whore [is] a deep ditch; and a strange woman [is] a narrow pit.
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